Online Encyclopedia

MANGLE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 571 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MANGLE. (r) A machine for pressing and smoothing' clothes after washing (see LAUNDRY). The word was adopted from the Dutch; mangel-stok means a rolling pin, and linnen.mangelgn, to press linen by rolling; similarly in O. Ital. mangano .meant, according to Florio, " a presse to press buckrom," &c.. The origin of the word is to be found in the medieval Latin name, manganum, mangonus or mangana, for an engine of war, the " mangonel," for hurling stones and other missiles (see CATAPULT). The Latin word was adapted from the Greek µfiy7avov, a trick or device, cognate with µllmavn, a machine. (2) To cut in pieces, to damage or disfigure; to mutilate. This word is of obscure origin. According to the New English Dictionary it presents an Anglo-French. mahangler, a form of mahaigner from which the English " maim " is derived, cf. the old form " mayhem," surviving in legal phraseology. Skeat connects the word with the Latin mancus, maimed, with which " maim " is not cognate.
End of Article: MANGLE
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