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GOMEZ MANRIQUE (1412?-149o?)

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Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 598 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GOMEZ MANRIQUE (1412?-149o?), Spanish poet, soldier, politician and dramatist, was born at Amusco. The fifth son of Pedro Manrique, adelantado mayor of Leon, and nephew of Santillana (q.v.), Gomez Manrique was .introduced into public life at an early age, took a prominent part against the constable Alvaro de Luna during the reign of John II., went into opposition against Miguel Lucas de Iranzo in the reign of Henry IV., and declared in favour of the infanta Isabel, whose marriage with Ferdinand he promoted. Besides being a distinguished soldier, he acted as a moderating political influence and, when appointed corregidor of Toledo, was active in protecting the converted Jews from popular resentment. His will was signed on the 31st of May 1490, and he is known to have died before the 16th of February 1491. He inherited the literary taste of his uncle Santillana, and was greatly esteemed in his own age; but his reputation was afterwards eclipsed by that of his nephew Jorge Manrique (q.v.), whose Coplas were continually reproduced. Gomez Manrique's poems were not printed 6111885, . when they were edited by Antonio Paz y Melia. They at once revealed him to be a .poet of eminent merit, and it seems certain that his Consejos, addressed to Diego Arias de Avila, inspired the more famous Coplas of his nephew. His didactic verses are modelled upon those of Santillana, and his satires are somewhat coarse in thought and expression; but his place in the history of Spanish literature is secure as the earliest Spanish dramatist whose name has reached posterity. He wrote the Representaci4n del nascimiento de Nuestro Senor, a play on the Passion, and two mantes, or interludes, played at court.
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