See also:colour painter, was
See also:born in
See also:Edinburgh on the 3rd of
See also:December 1850, When about fifteen he was apprenticed as a woodcutter with W . & R .
See also:Chambers, with whom he remained for over five years; diligently employing all his spare
See also:time in the study and practice of
See also:art, and producing in his
See also:morning and evening
See also:hours water-
See also:colours of much delicacy and beauty . In 1871 he devoted himself exclusively to
See also:painting . His subjects were derived from humble Scottish life—especially
See also:life, varied occasionally by
See also:portraiture, by landscape, and by views of picturesque architecture . In 1873 he visited
See also:Normandy, Belgium and
See also:Holland; in the following
See also:year he spent several months in
See also:Sark; and in 1875 he resided at St Lo, and in
See also:Paris, where he mastered the processes of
See also:etching . Meanwhile in his water-colour
See also:work he had been adding more of breadth and power to the tenderness and richness of colour which distinguished his early pictures, and he was planning more complex and important subjects . But his
See also:health-had been gradually failing, and he was ordered to Lympstone in Devonshire, where he died on the 27th of
See also:February 1876 . 6oi
See also:code . He defined almost every principle that governed commercial transactions in such a manner that his successors had only to apply the rules he had laid down . His knowledge of
See also:Roman and
See also:law, and the general width of his
See also:education, freed him from the danger of relying too exclusively upon narrow precedents, and afforded him a storehouse of principles and illustrations, while the grasp and acuteness of his intellect enabled him to put his judgments in a
See also:form which almost always commanded assent . A similar influence was exerted by him in other branches of the
See also:common law; and although, after his retirement, a reaction took place, and he was regarded for a while as one who had corrupted the
See also:ancient principles of
See also:English law, these prejudices passed rapidly away, and the value of his work in bringing the older law into harmony with the needs of
See also:modern society has long been fully recognized .
See Holliday's Life (1797);
See also:Campbell's Chief Justices;
See also:Judges; Greville's
See also:Memoirs, passim; Horace Walpole's Letters; and other memoirs and
See also:works on the
See also:period .
MANSLAUGHTER (0. Eng., mannslaeht, from mann, man, ...
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