Online Encyclopedia

RICHARD MANT (1776–1848)

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Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 602 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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RICHARD MANT (1776–1848), English divine, was born at Southampton on the 12th of February 1776, and was educated at Winchester and Trinity College, Oxford. He was elected fellow of Oriel in 1798, and after taking orders held a curacy at Southampton (1802), and then the vicarage of Coggeshall, Essex (181o). In 1811 he was Hampton lecturer, in 1816 was made rector of St Botolph's, and in 1820 bishop of Killaloe and Kilfenoragh (Ireland). In 1823 he was translated to Down and Connor, to which Dromore .was added in x842. In connexion with the Rev. George D'Oyly he wrote a commentary on the whole Bible. Other works by him were the Psalms in an English Metrical Version (1842) and a History of the• Church of Ireland (1839–1841; 2 vols.). MANTEGAllA, PAOLO (1831–1910), Italian physiologist and anthropologist, was born at Monza on the 3ist of October 1831. After spending his student-days at the universities of Pisa and Milan, he gained his M.D. degree at Pavia in 1854. After travel-ling in Europe, India and America, he practised. as a doctor in . the Argentine Republic and Paraguay. Returning to Italy in 1858 he was appointed surgeon at Milan Hospital and professor of general pathology at Pavia. In 1870 he was nominated professor of anthropology at the Instituto di Studii Superiori, Florence. Here he founded the first Museum of Anthropology and Ethnology in Italy, and later the Italian Anthropological Society. From 1865 to 1876 he was deputy for Monza in the Italian parliament, subsequently being elected to the senate. He became the object of bitter attacks on the ground of the extent to which he carried the practice of vivisection. His published works include Fisiologia del dolore (188o); Fisiologia dell' amore (1896); Elementid' igiene (1875); Fisonomia e mimica (1883); Le Estasi umane (1887).
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