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ABRAHAM MAPU (1808-1867)

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Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 665 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ABRAHAM MAPU (1808-1867), Hebrew novelist. His works are chiefly historical romances in Hebrew. His most famous books were The Love of Zion and the Transgression of Samaria. Besides their intrinsic merits, these novels stand high among the works which produced the romantic movement in modern Hebrew literature. Mapu's plots were somewhat sensational, incident being more prominent than characterization. But underlying all was a criticism of contemporary life. His novels made a deep impression and became instantly popular. Mapu's Hebrew style is simple and classical. An English translation of the Love of Zion bears the title Amnon, Prince and Peasant, by F. Jaffe (1887). Mapu's stories have been often translated into other languages. See N. Slouschz, The Renascence of Hebrew Literature (1909), ch. v. (I. A.) MAQQAR!, or MAKKARI [Abu-l-`Abbas Ahmad ibn Mahommed ul-Maggari] (c. 1591-1632), Arabian historian, was born at Tlemcen in Algeria and studied at Fez and Marrakesh, where he remained engaged in literary work until he made the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1618. In the following year he settled in Cairo. In 162o he visited Jerusalem and Damascus, and during the next six years made the pilgrimage five times. In 1628 he was again in Damascus, where he gave a course of lectures on Bukhari's collection of Traditions, spoke much of the glories of Moslem Spain, and received the impulse to write his work on this subject later. In the same year he returned to Cairo, where he spent a year in writing his history. He was just making preparations to settle definitely in Damascus when he died in 1632. His great work, The Breath of Perfume from the Branch of Green Andalusia and Memorials of its Vizier Lisdn ud-Din ibn ul-Khatib, consists of two parts. The first is a compilation from many authors on the description and history of Moslem Spain; it was published by Wright, Krehl, Dozy and Dugat as Analectes sur l'histoire et la litterature des Arabes d'Espagne (Leiden, 1855-1861), and in an abridged English translation by P. de Gayangos (London, 184o-1843). The whole work has been published at Bulaq (1863) and Cairo (1885). - For other works of Maqqari see C. Brockelmann's Gesch. der arabischen Litteratur (Berlin, 1902), U. 297. (G. W. T.)
End of Article: ABRAHAM MAPU (1808-1867)
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