Online Encyclopedia

MARANO (accursed or banned)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 668 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MARANO (accursed or banned)  , a
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term applied to Jewish Christians in Spain . Converted to
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Roman Catholicism under compulsion, these " New Christians " often continued to observe Jewish
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rites in their homes, as the Inquisition records attest . It was in fact largely due to the Maranos that the
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Spanish Inquisition was founded . The Maranos made rapid strides in prosperity, and " accumulated honours,
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wealth and popular hatred " (Lea,
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History of the Spanish Inquisition, i . 125) . This was one of the causes that led to the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492 . Maranos emigrated to various countries, but many remained in the Peninsula . Subsequently distinguished individuals
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left home for more tolerant lands . The Jewish community in
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London was refounded by Maranos in the first
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half of the 17th century .
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Hamburg commerce, too, owed much to the enterprise of Portuguese Maranos . In Amsterdam many Maranos found asylum; Spinoza was descended from such a
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family . There are still remnants of Marano families in
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Portugal .

See Lea, loc. cit. and elsewhere; see

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index s.v . " New Christian "; Graetz, History of the Jews, Eng. trans, see index s.v . " Marranos "; M . Kayserling, in Jewish Encyclopedia, viii . 318 seq . ; and for the
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present day Jewish Quarterly Review, xv . 251 seq . (I .

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