See also:martyr, is celebrated by the
See also:Church of Rome on the 20th of
See also:July . According to the
See also:legend, she was a native of
See also:Antioch, daughter of a
See also:priest named
See also:Aedesius . She was scorned by her
See also:father for her Christian faith, and lived in the
See also:country with a
See also:mother keeping
See also:sheep .
See also:Olybrius, the " praeses orientis," offered her
See also:marriage as the price of her renunciation of
See also:Christianity . Her refusal led to her being cruelly tortured, and after various miraculous incidents, she was put to
See also:death . Among the Greeks she is known as Marina, and her festival is on the 17th of July . She has been identified with St
See also:Pelagia (q.v.)—Marina being the Latin
See also:equivalent of Pelagia—who, according to a legend, was also called Margarito . We possess no
See also:historical documents on St
See also:Margaret as distinct from St Pelagia . An attempt has been made, but without success, to prove that the
See also:group of legends with which that of St Margaret is connected is derived from a transformation of the pagan divinity
See also:Aphrodite into a Christian
See also:saint . The problem of her identity is a purely
See also:literary question . The cult of St Margaret was very wide-spread in England, where more than 250 churches are dedicated to her . See Acta sanctorum, July, v .
24-45; Bibliotheca hagiographica,
See also:Latina (Brussels, 1899), n . 5303-5313; Frances
See also:Forster, Studies in Church Dedications (
See also:London, 1899), i . 131-133 and iii . 19 . (H .
MARGARET OF PROVENCE (1221-1295)
ST MARGARET (c. 1045–1093)
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