German title meaning literally " count of the
See also:March " (
See also:Lat. marchio, comes marchae, marchisus) . The margraves had their origin in the
See also:counts established by Charlemagne and his successors to guard the frontier districts of the
See also:empire, and for centuries the title was always associated with this
See also:function . The margraves had within their own jurisdiction the authority of dukes, but at the outset they were subordinate to the dukes in the feudal army of the empire . In the 12th century, however, the
See also:graves of
See also:Brandenburg and
See also:Austria (the
See also:north and east marks) asserted their position as tenants-in-chief of the empire; with the break-up of the
See also:great duchies the others did the same; and the margraves henceforward took
See also:rank with the great German princes . The title of
See also:margrave very early lost its
See also:original significance, and was
See also:borne by princes whose territories were in no sense frontier districts, e.g. by Hermann, a son of Hermann, margrave of Verona, who assumed in 1112 the title of margrave of Baden . Thus, too, when the elector
See also:Albert Achilles of Brandenburg in 1473 gave
See also:Bayreuth and
See also:Ansbach as apanages to his sons and their descendants these styled themselves margraves . The title, however, retained in Germany its
See also:sovereign significance, and has not, like "
See also:marquis " in France and " marchese " in Italy, sunk into a mere title of
See also:nobility; it is not, therefore, in its
See also:present sense the
See also:equivalent of the
See also:English title "
See also:marquess." The German margraviates have now all been absorbed into other sovereignties, and the title margrave is borne only as a subsidiary title in the full
See also:style of their sovereigns .
MARGHELAN, or MARGHILAN
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