Online Encyclopedia

2ND OR 7TH EARL JOHN ERSKINE MAR

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 666 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
2ND OR 7TH EARL JOHN ERSKINE MAR of (c. 1558-1634), Scottish politician, was the only son of the preceding. Together with King James VI. he was educated by George Buchanan. After attaining his majority he was nominally the guardian of the young king, who was about seven years his junior, and who lived with him at Stirling; but he was in reality a puppet in the hands of the regent, the earl of Morton; and he lost power and position when Morton was imprisoned. He was concerned in the seizure of James VI. in 1582 (a plot known as the raid of Ruthven) ; but when James escaped from his new custodians the earl fled into the west of Scotland. Then leaving his hiding-place Mar seized Stirling Castle, whereupon James marched against him, and he took refuge in England. Queen Elizabeth interceded for him, but in vain, and after some futile communications between the governments of England and Scotland Mar and his friends gathered an army, entered the presence of the king at Stirling, and were soon in supreme authority (1585). Mar was restored to his lands and titles. Henceforward he stood high in the royal favour; he became governol of Edinburgh Castle and was made tutor to James's son, Prince Henry, and for his second wife he married Mary, daughter of Esme Stewart, duke of Lennox. In 1601 the earl was sent as envoy to London; here Elizabeth assured him that James should be her successor, and his mission was conducted with tact and prudence. Haying joined the English privy council Mar was created Lord Cardross in 16ro; he was a member of the Court of High Commission and was lord high treasurer of Scotland from 1615 to 163o. He died at Stirling on the 14th of December 1634. John (c. 1585-1654), his only son by his first wife, succeeded to his earldom; by his second wife he had five sons, among them being James (d. 1640), earl of Buchan; Henry (d. 1628), whose son David (d. 1671) succeeded to the barony of Cardross; and Charles, the ancestor of the earls of Rosslyn.
End of Article: 2ND OR 7TH EARL JOHN ERSKINE MAR
[back]
1ST OR 6TH EARL OF JOHN ERSKINE MAR (d. 1572)
[next]
6TH OR 11TH EARL OF JOHN ERSKINE MAR (1675-1732)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.