See also:Marlborough was held by the
See also:family of Ley from 1626 to 1679 .
See also:James Ley, the 1st
See also:earl (c . 1550-1629), was
See also:lord chief
See also:justice of the
See also:Bench in
See also:Ireland and then in England; he was an
See also:English member of parliament and was lord high treasurer from 1624 to 1628 . In 1624 he was created Baron Ley and in 1626 earl of Marlborough . The 3rd earl was his
See also:grandson James (1618-1665), a
See also:naval officer who was killed in
See also:action with the Dutch . James was succeeded by his
See also:William, a younger son of the 1st earl, on whose
See also:death in 1679 the earldom became
See also:extinct . In 1689
See also:Churchill was created earl and in 1702 duke of Marlborough (see below) . After the death of his only son
See also:Charles in 1703 an
See also:act of parliament was passed in 1706 settling the duke's titles upon his daughters and their issue . Consequently when he died in
See also:June 1722 his eldest daughter Henrietta (1681-1733), wife of
See also:Godolphin, 2nd earl of Godolphin, became duchess %VII . 24of Marlborough . She died without sons and was succeeded by her
See also:nephew Charles
See also:Spencer, 5th earl of
See also:Sunderland (1706-1758), a son of the
See also:great duke's second daughter Anne (d .
1716) . Al-though at this
See also:time Charles handed over the Sunderland estates to his younger
See also:brother John, the ancestor of the earls Spencer, he did not obtain
See also:Blenheim until Sarah, the dowager duchess, died in 1744 . His eldest son
See also:George Spencer, the 4th duke (1739-1817),
See also:left three sons . The eldest, George Spencer, the 5th duke (1766-184o), was summoned to the
See also:House of Lords as Baron Spencer of Wormleighton in 18o6, and in 1817, after succeeding to the dukedom, he took the name of Spencer-Churchill . The 4th duke's second son was Lord
See also:Henry John Spencer (1770-1795),
See also:envoy to Sweden and to Prussia; and his third son was Lord Francis Almeric Spencer (1779-1845), who was created a peer as Baron Churchill of Whichwood in 1815 . His grandson Victor
See also:Albert Francis Charles Spencer (b . 1864) succeeded his
See also:father as 3rd Baron Churchill in 1886, and was raised to the
See also:rank of a
See also:viscount in 1902 . The 7th duke of Marlborough, John Winston Spencer-Churchill (1822-1883), a prominent Conservative politician, was lord-
See also:lieutenant of Ireland 1876-188o, and when
See also:marquess of
See also:Blandford (the courtesy title
See also:borne by the duke's eldest son in his father's lifetime) was responsible for the act of 1856 called the " Blandford Act," enabling populous parishes to be divided for purposes of
See also:work . In 1892 his grandson Charles
See also:Richard John Spencer-Churchill (b . 1871) became 9th duke of Marlborough .
1ST DUKE OF JOHN CHURCHILL MARLBOROUGH (1650-1722)
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