MARNE , adepartment of
See also:north-eastern France, made up from
See also:Champagne-Pouilleuse, Remois, Haute-Champagne, Perthois, Tardenois,
See also:Bocage and Brie-Pouilleuse, districts formerly belonging to Champagne, and bounded W. by
See also:Seine-et-Marne and
See also:Aisne, N. by Aisne and
See also:Ardennes, E. by Meuse, and S. by Haute- the
See also:plum and
See also:cherry .
See also:Pine woods are largely planted in Champagne-Pouilleuse . The department produces
See also:peat, millstones and
See also:chalk . The woollen
See also:industry has brought together in the neighbour-
See also:hood of Reims establishments for
See also:carding, dyeing and
See also:weaving . The materials wrought are flannels, merinoes, tartans, shawls, rugs and
See also:fancy articles; the manufacture of woollen and
See also:hosiery must also be mentioned . The manufacture of
See also:wine-cases, corks, casks and other goods for the wine
See also:trade is actively carried on . Marne contains blast-furnaces, iron and copper foundries, and manufactories of agricultural implements . Besides these there are tan-yards, currying and
See also:leather-dressing establishments and glassworks, which, with
See also:sugar, chemical, whiting and oil
See also:flour-mills and breweries,
See also:complete the
See also:list of the most important
See also:industries . Biscuits and gingerbread are a speciality of Reims . The chief imports are wool and
See also:coal; the exports are wine,
See also:grain, live-stock,
See also:stone, 'whiting,
See also:pit-props and woollen stuffs . Communication is afforded chiefly by the
See also:river Marne with its canal connexions, and by the Eastern railway . There are five arrondissements—those of Chalons (the capital),
See also:Epernay, Reims, Ste Menehould and Vitry-le-Francois—with 33 cantons and 662 communes .
The department belongs partly to the archbishopric of Reims and partly to the see of Chalons . Chalons is the headquarters of the VI.army
See also:corps . Its educational centre and
See also:court of
See also:appeal are at
See also:Paris . The
See also:principal towns —Chalons-sur-Marne, Reims, Epernay and Vitry-le-Francoisare separately treated . The towns next in population are Ay (4994) and Sezanne (4504) . Other places of
See also:interest are Ste Menehould (3348), formerly an important fortress and capital of the
See also:Argonne; Montmort with a
See also:Renaissance chateau once the
See also:property of Sully; Trois-Fontaines with a ruined
See also:church of the 12th century and the remains of a Cistercian abbey founded in 1115; and Orbais with an abbey church dating from about 1200 .
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