Online Encyclopedia

MAROONS

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 748 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MAROONS. A negre marron is defined by Littre as a fugitive slave who betakes himself to the woods; a similar definition of cimarron (apparently from cima, a mountain top) is given in the Dictionary of the Spanish Academy. The old English form of the word is symaron (see Hawkins's Voyage, ยง 68). The term "Maroons" is applied almost as a proper name to the descendants of those negroes in Jamaica who at the first English occupation in the 17th century fled to the mountains. (See JAMAICA.) MAROS-VASARHELY, a town of Hungary in Transylvania, capital of the county of Maros-Torda, 79 M. E. of Kolozsvar by rail. Pop. (1900), 19,522. It is situated on the left bank of the Maros, and is a well-built town, once the capital of the territory of the Szeklers. On a hill dominating the town stands the old fortress, which contains a beautiful church in Gothic style built about 1446, where in 1571 the diet was held which proclaimed the equality of the Unitarian Church with the Roman Catholic, the Lutheran, and Calvinistic Churches. The Teleki palace contains the Teleki collections, which include a library of 70,000 volumes and several valuable manuscripts (e.g. the Teleki Codex), a collection of old Hungarian poems, and a manuscript of Tacitus, besides a collection of antiquities and another of minerals. Maros-Vasarhely has also an interesting Szekler industrial museum. The trade is chiefly in timber, grain, wine, tobacco, fruit and other products of the neighbour-hood. There are manufactures of sugar, spirits and beer.
End of Article: MAROONS
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