MARSI , an
See also:people of Italy, whose chief centre was
See also:Marruvium, on the eastern
See also:shore of Lake Fucinus . They are first mentioned as members of a confederacy with the
See also:Paeligni and
See also:Marrucini (Liv. viii . 29, cf. viii . 6, and Polyb. ii . 24, 12) . They joined the
See also:Samnites in 308 B.C . (Liv. ix . 41), and on their submission became
See also:allies of Rome in 304 B.C . (Liv. ix . 45) . After a
See also:short-lived revolt two years later, for which they were punished by loss of territory (Liv. x . 3), they were readmitted to the
See also:alliance and remained faithful down to the social war, their contingent (e.g .
Liv. xliv . 46) being always regarded as theflower of the
See also:Italian forces (e.g .
See also:Hor . Od. ii . 20, 18) . In this war, which, owing to the prominence of the Marsian rebels is often known as the Marsic War, they fought bravely against odds under their
See also:leader Q . Pompaedius Silo, and, though they were frequently defeated, the result of the war was the enfranchisement of the allies (see RoME:
See also:History, " The Republic ") . The Marsi were a
See also:mountain people, famed for their
See also:simple habits and indomitable courage . It was said that the Romans had never triumphed over them or without them (
See also:Appian) . They were also renowned for their magicians, who had
See also:strange remedies for various diseases . The Latin colony of
See also:Alba Fucens near the
See also:north-west corner of the lake was founded in the adjoining Aequian territory in 303, so that from the beginning of the 3rd century the Marsians were in
See also:touch with a Latin-speaking community, to say nothing of the Latin colony of
See also:Carsioli (298 B.C.) farther west . The earliest pure Latin inscriptions of the
See also:district seem to be C.I.L. ix .
3827 and 3848 from the neighbourhood of Supinum; itscharacter generally is of the Gracchan
See also:period, though it might be somewhat earlier . -
See also:Mommsen (Unteritalische Dialekten, p . 345) pointed out that in the social war all the coins of Pompaedius Silo have the Latin
See also:legend " Italia," while the other leaders in all but one case used Oscan . The chief record of the dialect or
See also:patois we owe to the goddess Angitia, whose chief
See also:temple and
See also:grove stood at the south-west corner of Lake Fucinus, near the inlet to the emissarius of
See also:Claudius (restored by
See also:Prince Torlonia), and the
See also:village of Luco . She (or they, for the name is in the plural in the Latin inscription next cited) was widely worshipped in the central
See also:highlands (Sulmo, C.I.L. ix . 3074, Furfo Vestinorum, ibid . 3515) as a goddess of healing, especially skilled to cure serpent bites by charms and the herbs of the Marsian woods . Her worshippers naturally practised the same arts—as their descendants do (see A. de Nino's charming collection of Usi e costumi abruzzesi), their
See also:country being in Rome counted the home of
See also:witchcraft; see Hor . Sat . 1, 9, 29, Epod . 17, 28, &c . The earliest
See also:local inscriptions date from about 300 to 150 B.C. and include the interesting and difficult
See also:bronze of Lake Fucinus, which seems to record a votive offering to Angitia, if A(n)ctia, as is probable, was the local
See also:form of her name .
Theirlanguage differs very slightly from Roman Latin of that date; for apparently contracted forms like Fougno instead of
See also:Fucino may really only be a
See also:matter of spelling . In final syllables the diphthongs ai, ei, oi, all appear as e . On the other
See also:hand, the older form of the name of the tribe (dat. plur . Martses =
See also:Lat . Martiis) shows its derivation and exhibits the assibilation of -tio- into -tso- proper to many Oscan dialects (see OSCA LINGUA) but strange to classical Latin . See R . S .
See also:Conway, The
See also:Italic Dialects, pp . 290 seq . (from which some portions of this article are taken by permission of the syndics of the Camb . Univ .
See also:Press) ; on the Fucino-Bronze, ib. p .
294 . (R . S .
JOSHUA MARSHMAN (1768–1837)
COUNT LUIGI FERDINANDO MARSIGLI [Latinized MARSILIU...
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