MASHONA , a
See also:people, inhabitants of Mashonaland,
See also:Southern Rhodesia . The name Mashona has been derived from the contemptuous
See also:term Amashuina applied by the
See also:Matabele to the
See also:aborigines owing to the
See also:habit of the latter of taking
See also:refuge in the rocky hills with which the
See also:country abounds . Before the Matabele invasion about 184o most of Southern Rhodesia was occupied by the Makalanga, the Makorikori and the Banyai, all closely related . Most of them became subject to the Matabele, but although they suffered severely from their attacks, the Mashona preserved a certain
See also:national unity . In 1890 the Mashona came under
See also:protection (see RHODESIA) . They are in general a peaceful, mild-mannered people, industrious and successful farmers, skilful potters, and weavers of bark
See also:cloth . The crafts, however, in which they excel are the smelting and
See also:forging of iron and
See also:carving . They are also
See also:great hunters; and they are very fond of
See also:music, the most usual instrument being the " piano " with iron keys . Bows and arrows, assegais and axes are the native weapons, but all who can get them now use guns . Up to their
See also:conquest by the Matabele the Mashona worked the gold diggings which are scattered over their country; indeed as
See also:late as 187o certain Mashona were still extracting gold from
See also:quartz (Geog . Jour .
See also:April 1906) .
For the. possible connexion of these people with the builders of the ruins at
See also:Zimbabwe and elsewhere, see RHODESIA: Archaeology; and ZIMBABWE .
1ST BARON SAMUEL CUNLIFFE LISTER MASHAM (1815–Igo...
MASK (Fr. masque, apparently from med. Lat. mascus,...
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