Online Encyclopedia

MASTABA (Arab. for " bench ")

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V17, Page 871 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MASTABA (Arab. for " bench "), in Egyptian architecture, the term given to the rectangular tombs in stone with raking sides and a flat roof. There were three chambers inside. In one the walls were sometimes richly decorated with paintings and had a low bench of stone in them on which incense was burnt: The second chamber was either closed, with holes pierced in the wall separating it from the first chamber, or entered through a narrow passage through which the fumes of the incense passed; this chamber contained the serdab or figure of the deceased. A vertical well-hole cut in the rock descended to a third chamber in which the mummy was laid.
End of Article: MASTABA (Arab. for " bench ")
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