See also:York, was the son of
See also:Matthew of
See also:Ross in
See also:Herefordshire, and of his wife Eleanor Crofton of Ludlow . He was
See also:born at
See also:Bristol in 1546 . He was educated at
See also:Wells, and then in succession at University
See also:College and Christ
See also:Oxford . He proceeded B.A. in 1564, and M.A. in 1566 . He attracted the favourable
See also:notice of
See also:Elizabeth, and his rise was steady though not very rapid . He was public orator in 1569,
See also:president of St John's College, Oxford, in 1572, dean of Christ Church in 1576,
See also:vice-chancellor of the university in 1579, dean of Durham in 1583,
See also:bishop of Durham in 1595, and archbishop of York in 16o6 . In 1581 he had a controversy with the Jesuit Edmund Campion, and published at Oxford his arguments in 1638 under the title, Piissimi et eminentissimi viri Tobiae Matthew, archiepiscopi olim Eboracencis concio apologetica adversus Campianam . While in the
See also:north he was active in forcing the recusants to conform to the Church of England, preaching hundreds of sermons and carrying out thorough visitations . During his later years he was to some extent in opposition to the administration of
See also:James I . He was exempted from attendance in the parliament of 1625 on the ground of age and infirmities, and died on the 29th of
See also:March 1628 . His wife, Frances, was the daughter of
See also:William Barlow, bishop of
See also:Chichester . His son, SIR TOBIAS, Or TOBIE, MATTHEW (1577–1655), iS remembered as the correspondent and friend of
See also:Bacon .
He was educated at Christ Church, and wasearly attached to the
See also:court, serving in the
See also:embassy at
See also:Paris . His debts and dissipations were a
See also:great source of sorrow to his
See also:father, from whom he is known to have received at different times £14,000, the
See also:equivalent of which is much larger . He was chosen member for
See also:Newport in
See also:Cornwall in the parliament of 16or, and member for St Albans in 1604 . Before this
See also:time he had become the intimate friend of Bacon, whom he replaced as member for St Albans . When peace was made with Spain, on the accession of James I., he wished to travel abroad . His
See also:family, who feared his
See also:con-version to
See also:Roman Catholicism, opposed his wish, but he promised not to go beyond France . When once safe out of England he broke his word and went to Italy . The persuasion of some of his countrymen in Florence, one of whom is said to have been the Jesuit Robert Parsons, and a
See also:story he heard of the miraculous liquefaction of the
See also:blood of
See also:Januarius at Naples, led to his conversion in 16o6 . When he returned to England he was imprisoned, and many efforts were made to obtain his reconversion without success . He would not take the
See also:oath of
See also:allegiance to the
See also:king . In 1608 he was exiled, and remained out of England for ten years, mostly in
See also:Flanders and Spain . He returned in 1617, but went abroad again in 1619 .
Hisfriends obtained his leave to return in 1621 . At home he was known as the intimate friend of Gondomar, the
See also:ambassador . In 1623 he was sent to join
See also:Charles, afterwards Charles I., at
See also:Madrid, and was knighted on the 23rd of
See also:October of that
See also:year . He remained in England till 164o, when he was finally driven abroad by the parliament, which looked upon him as an
See also:agent of the
See also:pope . He died in the
See also:English college in
See also:Ghent on the 13th of October 1655 . In 1618 he published an
See also:translation of Bacon's essays . The "
See also:Essay on Friendship " was written for him . He was also the author of a translation of The Confessions of the Incomparable
See also:Doctor St Augustine, which led him into controversy . His
See also:correspondence was published in
See also:London in 166o . For the father, see John Le Neve's
See also:Fasti ecclesiae anglicanae (London, 1716), and Anthony
See also:Wood's Athenae oxonienses . For the son, the notice in Athenae oxonienses, an abridgment of his autobiographical
See also:Historical Relation of his own
See also:life, published by
See also:Butler in 1795, and A . H .
Matthew and A . Calthrop, Life of Sir Tobie Matthew (London, 1907) .
ST MATTHEW (MaOOaior or MarOaIos, probably a shorte...
STANLEY MATTHEWS (1824-1889)
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