See also:legend, a famous sorceress, daughter of Aeetes,
See also:king of
See also:Colchis . Having been thrown into prison by her
See also:father, who was afraid of being injured by her
See also:witchcraft, she escaped by means of her
See also:art and fled to the
See also:temple of Helios the
See also:god, her reputed grandfather . She fell in love with
See also:Jason the Argonaut, who reached Colchis at this
See also:time, and exacted a terrible revenge for his faithlessness (see ARGONAUTS and JASON) . After the
See also:murder of Jason's second wife and her own
See also:children, she fled from Corinth in her
See also:drawn by dragons, the
See also:gift of Helios, to Athens, where she married king
See also:Aegeus, by whom she had a son, Medus . But the
See also:discovery of an attempt on the
See also:life of
See also:Theseus, the son of Aegeus, forced her to leave Athens (
See also:Apollodorus i . 9, 28;
See also:Pausanias ii . 3, 6-11; Diod . Sic. iv . 45, 46, 54-56) . Accompanied by her son, she returned to Colchis, and restored her father to the
See also:throne, of which he had been deprived by his own
See also:brother Perses . Medus was regarded as the
See also:eponymous hero and progenitor of the Medes .
See also:Medea was honoured as a goddess at Corinth, and was said to have become the wife of Achilles in the Elysian
See also:fields .
Thechief seat of her cult, however, was
See also:Thessaly, which was always regarded as the home of magic . As time went on her character was less favourably described . In the case of Jason and the Argonauts, she plays the
See also:part of a kindly,
See also:Euripides, however, makes her a barbarous priestess of Hecate, while the Alexandrian writers depicted her in still darker
See also:colours . Some authorities regard Medea as a lunar divinity, but the
See also:ancient conception of her as a Thessalian sorceress is probably correct . The popularity of the
See also:story of Jason and Medea in antiquity is shown by the large amount of literature on the subject . The
See also:original story was probably contained in an old epic poem called Manias aotrlols, the authorship of which was ascribed to Prodicus of
See also:Phocaea . It is given at some length in the
See also:fourth Pythian ode of Pindar, and forms the subject of the Argonautica of
See also:Apollonius Rhodius . There is a touching
See also:epistle (Medea to Jason) in the Heroides of Ovid . Medea is the heroine of extant tragedies of Euripides and
See also:Seneca; those of
See also:Aeschylus and
See also:Ennius (adapted from Euripides) are lost . Neophron of Sicyon and
See also:Melanthius wrote plays of the same name . Among
See also:modern writers on the same theme may be mentioned T . Corneille, F .
See also:Grillparzer and M . Cherubini (
See also:opera) . The
See also:death of Glauce and the murder of her children by Medea Was frequently represented in ancient art . In the famous picture of Tomomachus of
See also:Byzantium Medea is deliberating whether or not she shall kill her children; there are copies of this
See also:painting in the mural decorations of
See also:Herculaneum and
See also:Pompeii . See Leon Mallinger, Medee: etude sur la litterature comparee, an account of Medea in Greek,
See also:middle age and modern literature (1898); and the articles in Daremberg and Saglio's Dictionnaire
See also:des antiquites and Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologie .
MEDALS AS WAR
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