Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 95 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MELKSHAM, a market town in the Westbury parliamentary division of Wiltshire, England, 954 M. W. of London by the Great Western railway. ,Pop. of urban district (19o1), 2450. It lies in a valley sheltered by steep chalk hills on the east, its old-fashioned stone houses lining a single broad street, which crosses the Upper Avon by a bridge of four arches. The church preserves some remnants of Norman work and a Perpendicular south chapel of rare beauty. Melksham possesses cloth-mills where coco-nut fibre and hair cloth are woven, flour-mills and dye-works. On the discovery of a saline spring in 1816, baths and a pump-room were opened, but although two other springs were found later, the attempt to create a fashionable health resort failed. The surrounding deer-forest was often visited by Edward I. Lacock Abbey, 3 M. distant, was founded in 1232 for Austin canonesses, and dissolved in 1539. Portions of the monastic buildings remain as picturesque fragments in and near the modern mansion called Lacock Abbey.
End of Article: MELKSHAM

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