MELORIA , a rocky islet, surrounded by a shoal, almost oppositeLeghorn . It was the scene of two
See also:naval battles of the r Transverse section of the fruit of the
See also:melon (Cucumis melo), showing the placentas (pi), with the seeds attached to them . The three carpels forming the pepo are separated by partitions (ci) . From the centre, processes (s) go to circumference(t), ending in curved placentaries bearing the ovules .
See also:middle ages . The first, on the 3rd of May 1241, was fought between the
See also:fleet of the emperor
See also:Frederick II .
See also:Hohenstaufen, surnamed Stupor Mundi, in
See also:alliance with Pisa, against a Genoese
See also:squadron bringing a number of
See also:English, French and
See also:Spanish prelates to attend the council summoned to meet at the Lateran by
See also:Gregory IX . Three Genoese galleys were sunk and twenty-two taken . Several of the prelates perished, and many were carried prisoners to the
See also:camp of the emperor . The second, fought on
See also:Sunday the 6th of
See also:August 1284, was of higher
See also:historical importance . It was a typical
See also:sea-fight, and accomplished the ruin of Pisa as a naval power . The long rivalry of that city and of Genoa had broken out for the last
See also:time in 1282, the immediate cause being the incompatible claims of the two cities to
See also:sovereignty over the islands of
See also:Sardinia and
See also:Corsica .
The earlier conflicts of thewar in 1282, 1283 and the
See also:spring of 1284, had been unfavourable to Pisa . Though the city was
See also:united with the Catalans and with Venice in hostility to Genoa, and though it had chosen a Venetian, Alberto
See also:Morosini, as its
See also:Podesta, it received no help from either . The Genoese, who had the larger and more efficient fleet, sent their whole power against their enemy . When the Genoese appeared off Meloria the Pisans were lying in the
See also:river Arno at the mouth of which
See also:Pisano the
See also:port of the city . The
See also:Pisan fleet represented the whole power of the city, and carried members of every
See also:family of mark and most of the
See also:officers of state . The Genoese, desiring to draw their enemy out to
See also:battle, and to make the
See also:action decisive, arranged their fleet in two lines abreast . The first was composed according to Agostino
See also:Giustiniani of fifty-eight galleys, and eight panfili, a class of
See also:light galleys of eastern origin named after the province of
See also:Pamphylia . Uberto
See also:Doria, the Genoese
See also:admiral, was stationed in the centre and in advance of his
See also:line . To the right were the galleys of the Spinola family, and of four of the eight " companies " into which Genoa was divided—Castello, Piazzalunga, Macagnana and Son Lorenzo . To the
See also:left were the galleys of the Dorias, and of the other four companies, Porta, Soziglia, Porta Nuova and Il Borgo . The second line of twenty galleys, under the command of Benedetto Giacaria (or Zaccharie), was placed so far behind the first that the Pisans could not see whether it was made up of war-vessels or of small craft meant to
See also:act as tenders to the others . Yet it was near enough to strike in and decide the battle when the action had begun .
The Pisans, commanded by the Podesta Morosini and his lieutenants Ugolino della Gherardescha and Andreotto Saraceno, came out in a single
See also:body . It is said that while the archbishop was blessing the fleet the
See also:cross of his archiepiscopal
See also:staff fell off, but that the
See also:omen was disregarded by the irreverence of the Pisans, who declared that if they had the
See also:wind they could do without divine help . They advanced in line abreast to meet the first line of the Genoese, fighting according to the medieval
See also:custom to ram and
See also:board . The victory was decided for Genoa by the squadron of Giacaria which fell on the flank of the Pisans . Their fleet was nearly annihilated, the Podesta was taken, and Ugolino fled with a few vessels . As Pisa was also attacked by Florence and Lucca it could never recover the disaster . Two years later Genoa took Porto Pisano, and filled up the
See also:harbour . The count Ugolino was afterwards starved to
See also:death with several of his sons and grandsons in the manner made
See also:familiar by the 32nd
See also:canto of
See also:Dante's Inferno . See Annali della republica di Genova, by Agostino Giustiniani (ed . Canepa, Genoa, 1854) . (D .
MELON (Late Lat. melo, shortened form of Gr. p XoaE...
MELOZZO DA FORLI (c.1438–1494)
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