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MENDOZA

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 128 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MENDOZA, a city of Argentina, capital of Mendoza province, 632 M. by rail W.N.W. of Buenos Aires. Pop. (1904, estimate), him with having preferred Stilpo to Plato. Diogenes Lai rtius (ii. r34 and 135) says that he declined to identify the Good with the Useful, and that he denied the value of the negative proposition on the ground that affirmation- alone can express truth. He probably meant to imply that qualities have no existence apart from the subject to which they belong. In ethics .we learn from Plutarch (De virt. mor. 2) and from Cicero (Acad. ii. 42) that he regarded Virtue as one, by whatever name it be called, and maintained that it is intellectual. Cicero's evidence is the less valuable in that he always assumed that Menedemus was a follower of the Megarians. Diogenes says that he left no writings, and the Eretrian school disappeared after a short and unobtrusive existence. Beside the ancient sources quoted above, see H. Mallett, Histoire de l'ecole de Megare et des ecoles d'Elis et d'Eretrie (1845). Also the articles MEGARIAN SCHOOL; PHAEDO; STILP0.
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