Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 129 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MENES, the, name of the founder of the 1st Dynasty of historical kings of Egypt. He appears at the head of the lists not only in Herodotus and Manetho, but also in the native Turin Papyrus of Kings and the lists of Abydos, while the list in use. The Indians and white settlers used it as a manure, and the name is Narragansett for " fertilizer." Its scientific name is Clupea (or Alosa) menhaden and Brevoortia tyrannus. It is allied to the European species of shad and pilchard, and, like the latter, approaches the coast in immense shoals, which are found throughout the year in some part of the littoral waters between Maine and Florida, the northern shoals retiring into deeper water or to more southern latitudes with the approach of cold weather. The average size of the menhaden is about 12 in. It is too bony and oily for a table-fish, but is used as bait for cod and mackerel. A large fleet is engaged in the fishery; and a great number of factories extract the oil for tanning and currying, and for adulterating other more expensive oils, and manufacture the refuse into a valuable guano.
End of Article: MENES

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