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ADALBERT MERE (1838-1909)

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 176 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ADALBERT MERE (1838-1909), German theologian and orientalist, was born at Bleicherode near Nordhausen on the 2nd of November 1838. He studied at Jena, where he became extraordinary professor in 1869. Subsequently he was ordinaryprofessor of philosophy at Tubingen, and in 1873 professor of theology at Giessen. From 1875 till his death he was professor of theology of Heidelberg. In the course of his researches he made several journeys in the East. Among his many works are: Grammatica syriaca (1867–1870); Vocabulary of the Tigre language (1868); Das Gedicht vom Hiob (1871); Die Prophetic des Joel and ihre Ausleger (1879); Die Saadjanische Ubersetzung der Hohenlieder ins Arabische (1882); Chrestomathia targuynica (1888) ; Historia artis grammaticae aped Syros (1889); Ein samaritanisches Fragment (1893); Idee and Grundlinien einer allgemeiner Geschichte der Mystik (1893). Merx devoted much of his later research to the elucidation of the Sinaitic palimpsest discovered in 1892 by Mrs Agnes Smith Lewis (see BIBLE, iv. 321, ad fin.), the results being embodied in Die vier kanonischen Evangelien nach ihrem altestes bekannten Texte (1897–1905). His last work was an edition of the books of Moses and Joshua. He died at Heidelberg on the 6th of August 1909.
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