MERIDIAN , acity and the
See also:county-seat of Lauderdale county,
See also:Mississippi, U.S.A., about go m . E. of
See also:Jackson . Pop . (18go), 10,624; (1900), 14,050, of whom 5787 were negroes; (1910
See also:census), 23,285 . It is served by the
See also:Southern, the
See also:Great Southern, the
See also:Mobile &
See also:Ohio, and the New
See also:Orleans &
See also:North Eastern and the Alabama &
See also:Vicksburg (
See also:Queen &
See also:Crescent Route)
See also:railways . It is the seat of the East Mississippi Insane Hospital, of the state Masonic Widows and Orphans' 'Home and of the Meridian
See also:College (non-sectarian, opened in 1903), the Meridian Male College (opened in
See also:root), and, for negroes, the Lincoln School (Congregational) and Meridian Academy (Methodist Episcopal) . The city is an important market for
See also:cotton grown in the surrounding
See also:country, and is the
See also:principal manufacturing city in the state . Its factory products, chiefly railway supplies and cotton products, increased in value from $1,924,465 in 1900 to $3,267,600 in 1905, or 69-8% in five years .
See also:waters (especially lithia) are bottled in and near the city . Meridian was laid out in 1854 at a proposed railway
See also:crossing, and was chartered as a city in 1860 . In
See also:February 1864 General
See also:William Tecumseh Sherman, with an army of about 20,000, made an expedition from Vicksburg to Meridian, then an important railway centre and
See also:depot for Confederate supplies, chiefly for the purpose of making inoperative the Mobile & Ohio and the Jackson &
See also:Selma railways; on the 14th of the
See also:month his army entered Meridian, and within a week destroyed nearly everything in the city except the private houses, and tore up over
See also:Ito m. of track . In the " Meridian riot " of 1871—a prominent
See also:episode of reconstruction—when one of several negroes on trial for urging
See also:mob violence had shot the presiding
See also:judge, the whites, especially a party from Alabama interested in the trial, killed a number of negroes and burned a
See also:negro school .
On the 2nd of
See also:March 1906 a cyclone caused great loss of
See also:life and
See also:property .
MERIDIAN (from the Lat. meridianus, pertaining to t...
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