See also:tree, native of the
See also:United States and extending southwards through Mexico and the Andean region to' Chile and the
See also:Argentine Republic . It is known botanically as Prosopis juliflora, and belongs to the natural
See also:Leguminosae (suborder Mimoseae) . It reaches 40 or 50 ft. in height with a trunk usually not more than 6 to 12 in. in diameter, and divided a
See also:short distance above the ground into numerous irregular' crooked branches forming a loose straggling
See also:head . The remarkable development of its
See also:root in relation to
See also:water-supply renders it most valuable as a drys-
See also:country plant; the root descends to a
See also:depth in
See also:search of water, and does not branch or decrease much in diameter till this is reached . It can thus flourish where'. no other woody plant can exist, and its presence and conditoli afford almost certain indications of the depth of the water-level . When the plant attains the
See also:size of a tree, water, will be found within 40 or 50 ft. of the
See also:surface; when it grows as a
See also:bush, between 5o or 6o ft.; while, when the roots have to descend below 6o ft., the stems are only 2 or 3 ft. high . These woody roots supply valuable fuel in regions where no
See also:wood of fuel value is produced above ground." The leaves are compound, the main
See also:axis bearing two or sometimes four secondary axes on which are
See also:borne a number of pairs of narrow bluntish leaflets . The minute greenish-
See also:white fragrant
See also:flowers are densely crowdedon slender cylindrical spikes from ri to 4 in. long; the long narrow pods are constricted between the seeds, of which they contain from ten to
See also:thirty surrounded by a thick spongy layer of sweet pulp . The wood is heavy, hard and close-grained, but not very strong; it is almost indestructible in contact with
See also:soil, and is largely used for fence-posts and railway ties . The ripe pods supply the Mexicans and
See also:Indians with a nutritious
See also:food; and a
See also:gum resembling gum arabic exudes from the
See also:stem . An allied
See also:species Prosopis pubescens, a small tree or tall
See also:shrub, native . of the and regions of the south-western United States, is known as the
See also:screw-bean or screw-pod
See also:mesquite from the fact that the pods are
See also:twisted into a dense screw-like
See also:spiral; they are used for
See also:fodder and are sweet and nutritious, but smaller and less valuable than those of the mesquite . For a
See also:fuller account of these trees see
See also:Charles Sprague
See also:Silva of
See also:America, iii. p .
99 (1892) .
MESS (an adaptation of O. Fr. mes, mod. mets; Ital....
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