See also:church, the title of a
See also:bishop who has the over-sight over bishops of subordinate
See also:sees . In the Western church the metropolitan is practically the same as the archbishop (q.v.); in the Eastern church he ranks above the archbishop, but below the
See also:patriarch (q.v.) . Metropolitans first appear in the East in the 4th century as presiding over a province (provincia or irapXla), and their see is fixed in the
See also:town (o rporats) of the province, which remains the normal
See also:custom both in East and West . In Africa, however, the metropolitan jurisdiction was exercised by the
See also:senior bishop (primas, primae sedis episcopus, senex) for the
See also:time being, a custom which prevailed for a time also in Spain . Thus, too, in the Scottish Episcopal Church and the
See also:Protestant Episcopal Church of
See also:America there are no metropolitans, the primas being the senior bishop .
METROPOLIS (Gr. piir17Pi mother, srGXis, city)
GABRIEL METSU (1630—1667)
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