MICHAEL VIII .
See also:PALAEOLOGUS (1234—1282) was the son of Andronicus Palaeologus
See also:Comnenus and
See also:Irene Angela, the granddaughter of Alexius
See also:Angelus, emperor of Constantinople . At an early age he
See also:rose to distinction, and ultimately became
See also:commander of the French mercenaries in the employment of the emperors of Nicaea . A few days after the
See also:death of
See also:Theodore Lascaris II. in 1259, Michael, by the assassination of Muzalon (which he is believed but not proved to have encouraged) became joint
See also:guardian with the
See also:Arsenius of the
See also:young emperor,
See also:John Lascaris, then a lad of eight years . Afterwards invested with the title of "
See also:despot," he was finally proclaimed joint-emperor and crowned alone at Nicaea on the 1st of
See also:January 126o . In
See also:July 1261 Michael, who had attacked Constantinople with the help of the Genoese, conquered the
See also:town through his general Strategopoulos . He thereupon had John Lascaris blinded and banished . For this last
See also:act he was excommunicated by Arsenius, and the
See also:ban was not removed until six years afterwards (1268) on the accession of a new patriarch . In 1263 and 1264 respectively, Michael, with the help of Urban IV., concluded peace with Villehardouin,
See also:prince of Achaia, and Michael, despot of
See also:Epirus, who had previously been incited by the
See also:pope to attack him, but had been decisively beaten at Pelagonia in
See also:Thessaly (1259); Villehardouin was obliged to cede Mistra, Monemvasia and
See also:Maina in the Morea . Subsequently Michael was involved in
See also:wars with the Genoese and Venetians, whose influence in • Constantinople he sought to diminish by maintaining the
See also:balance of strength between them . In 1269
See also:Charles of
See also:Sicily, aided by John of Thessaly; made war with the alleged purpose of restoring Baldwin to the
See also:throne of Constantinople, and pressed Michael so hard that he consented to send deputies to the council of
See also:Lyons (1274) and there accept the papal supremacy . The union thus brought about between the two Churches was, however, extremely distasteful to the Greeks, and the persecution of hia " schismatic " subjects to which the emperor was compelled to resort weakened his power so much that
See also:Martin IV. was tempted to enter into
See also:alliance with Charles of
See also:Anjou and the Venetians for the purpose of reconquering Constantinople .
The invasion, however, failed, and Michael so far had his revenge in the " SicilianVespers," which he helped to bring about . He died in
See also:Thrace in
See also:December 1282 . In reconstituting the
See also:Empire Michael restored the old administration without endeavouring to correct its abuses . By debasing the coinage he hastened the decay of Byzantine commerce .
JOHANN DAVID MICHAELIS (1717-1791)
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