Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 362 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CLAUDE MICHEL, known as CLODION (1738-1814), French sculptor, was born on the loth of December 1738 in Nancy. Here and probably in Lille he spent the earlier years of his life. In 1755 he came to Paris and entered the workshop of Lambert Sigisbert Adam, his maternal uncle, a clever sculptor. He remained four years in this workshop, and on the death of his uncle became a pupil of J. B. Pigalle. In 1759 he obtained the grand prize for sculpture at the Academic Royale; in 1761 he obtained the first silver medal for studies from models; and in 1762 he went to Rome. Here his activity was considerable between 1767 and 1771. Catherine II. was eager to secure his presence in St Petersburg, but he returned to Paris. Among his patrons, which were very numerous, were the chapter of Rouen, the states of Languedoc, and the Direction generale. His works were frequently exhibited at the Salon. In 1782 he married Catherine Flore, a daughter of the sculptor Augustin Pajou, who subsequently obtained a divorce from him. The agitation caused by the Revolution drove Clodion in 1792 to Nancy, where he remained until 1798, his energies being spent in the decoration of houses. Among Clodion's works are a statue of Montesquieu, a " Dying Cleopatra," and a chimney-piece at present in the South Kensington Museum. One of his last groups represented Homer as a beggar being driven away by fishermen (181o). On the 29th of March 1814 Clodion died in Paris, on the eve of the invasion of Paris by the allies. Thirion's Les Adam et Clodion (Paris, 1885) contains a list of the sculptor's works sold between 1767 and 1884. See also A. Jacquot, Les Adam et les Michel et Clodion (Paris, 1898).
End of Article: CLAUDE MICHEL

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