MICHMASH , aplace in Benjamin, about 9
See also:north of Jerusalem (Onom, ed . Lag., p . 28o), the scene of one of the most striking episodes in Old Testament
See also:history (I Sam. xiv.) . Though it did not
See also:rank as a city (not being mentioned in
See also:Joshua xviii . 21 seq.), Michmash was recolonized after the
See also:exile (Neh. xi . 31), and, favoured by the possession of excellent wheat-
See also:land (Mishna, Men. viii . 1), was still a very large
See also:village (Maxpas) in the
See also:time of
See also:Eusebius . The
See also:modern Mukhmas is quite a small place . The
See also:interest of Michmash is connected with the strategical importance of the position, commanding the north side of the Pass of Michmash, which made it the headquarters of the
See also:Philistines and the centre of their forays in their attempt to quell the first rising under
See also:Saul, as it was also at a later date the headquarters of Jonathan the Hasmonaean (1 Mace. ix . 73) . From Jerusalem to
See also:Ephraim there are two
See also:main routes . The
See also:caravan road keeps the high ground to the west near the
See also:watershed, and avoids the Pass of Michmash altogether .
But another route, the importance of which in antiquity may be judged of from Isa. x . 28 sqq., led southwards from Ai over an undulating
See also:plateau to Michmash . Thus far the road is easy, but at Michmash it descends into a very steep and rough valley, which has to be crossed before reascending to Geba.1 At the bottom of the valley is the Pass of Michmash, a
See also:gorge with precipitous craggy sides . On the north the crag is crowned by a sort of plateau sloping backwards into a
See also:hill . This little plateau, about a mile east of the present village of Mukhmas, seems to have been the
See also:post of the Philistines, lying close to the centre of the insurrection, yet possessing unusually
See also:good communication with their establishments on Mount Ephraim by way of Ai and
See also:Bethel, and at the same time commanding the routes leading down to the
See also:Jordan from Ai and from Michmash itself . See further C . R .
See also:Conder, Tentwork ii . 112 seq.; and T . K .
See also:Cheyne in Encyc . Bib., s.v .
(R . A . S .
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
MICHOACAN, or MICHOACAN DE OCAMPO
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