See also:Arabia whom the
See also:Hebrews recognized as distant kinsmen, representing them as sons of Abraham's wife Keturah ("
See also:incense ") . Thus the sons of Keturah are the " incense-men," not indeed inhabitants of the far south incense-
See also:land, but presumably the tribes whose caravans brought the incense to
See also:Palestine and the Mediterranean ports . So the Midianites appear in connexion with the gold and incense
See also:trade from
See also:Yemen (Isa. lx . 6), and with the trade between
See also:Egypt and
See also:Syria (Gen.
See also:xxxvii . 28, 36) . They appear also as warriors invading
See also:Canaan from the eastern
See also:desert, and ravaging the land as similar tribes have done in all ages when Palestine lacked a strong
See also:government (see GIDEON) . Again, they are described as peaceful shepherds, and the pastures of the Midianites, or of the branch of
See also:Midian to which Moses's
See also:law (
See also:Jethro or Reuel, or Hobab) belonged,
See also:lay near
See also:Horeb (Exod. iii . 1) . The
See also:Kenites who had friendly relations with
See also:Israel, and are • represented in Judg. i . 16, iv. x x, as the
See also:kin of Moses's father-in-law, appear to have been but one fraction of Midian which took a
See also:separate course from their early relations to Israel) . Balaam, according to one version of the
See also:story, was a Midianite (Num. xxii. seq.) and his association with
See also:Moab has been connected with the statement in Gen.
See also:xxxvi . 35, that the Edomite
See also:Hadad defeated Midian in the land of Moab; (see BALAAM,
See also:EDOM) .
1 The admixture of Midianite elements in
See also:Judah and the other border tribes of Israel is confirmed by a comparison of the names of the Midianite clans in Gen.
See also:xxv . 4 with the
See also:Hebrew genealogies (i Chron. ii . 46, Ephah; iv . 17, Epher; Gen. xlvi . 9, Hanoch) . Epher is also associated with 'Ofr near Hanakiya (Hanoch), three days north from Medina, also with Apparu a Bedouin locality mentioned by Assur-bani-
See also:pal . Ephah is probably the Ilayapa transported by
See also:Sargon to Beth-
See also:Omri (
See also:Samaria) . A place Midian is mentioned in 1
See also:Kings xi . 18, apparently between Edom and Paran, and in later times the name lingered in the
See also:district east of the Gulf of `
See also:Akaba, where
See also:Eusebius knows a city Madiam in the
See also:country of the
See also:Saracens and
See also:Ptolemy (vi . 7) places Modiana . Still later Madyan was a station on the
See also:pilgrim route from Egypt to
See also:Mecca, the second beyond Aila (Elath) . Here in the
See also:middle ages was shown the well from which Moses watered the flocks of Sho'aib (Jethro), and the place is still known as " the caves of Sho'aib." It has considerable ruins, which have been described by
See also:Sir R .
See also:Burton (Land of Midian, 1879) . This district which has on its east Taima, a centre of
See also:civilization in the 5th century B.C., and on its south-east El-`Ola whose existence as a seat of culture is possibly even older, is identified by some scholars with the Mu$ran of the Minaean (south Arabian) inscriptions, on which see
See also:SABAEANS, YEMEN . That this
See also:part of north-west Arabia had frequent intercourse with Palestine appears certain from its commercial relations with Gaza; and the association of the Midianite Jethro with early Hebrew legislation, as also the possibility that
See also:Mizraim (" Egypt ") in the Old Testament should be taken in some cases to refer to this district, have an important bearing upon several Old Testament questions . See MIZRAIM .
9TH VISCOUNT WILLIAM ST JOHN FREMANTLE BRODRICK MID...
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