See also:term used generally for organized military forces which are not professional in character and not permanently embodied . All
See also:ancient armies, with the exception of the
See also:guards of their leaders, were militias or
See also:national levies, remaining under arms for the war or the
See also:campaign and returning to their ordinary occupations at the close of each military
See also:episode . Militias such as those of the Greek city-states and that of Rome were of course highly trained to the use of arms; so were the
See also:barbarian " nations in arms "; which overcame the professionalized
See also:Roman armies of the
See also:Empire; and although in the Eastern Empire these new fighting elements were absorbed into a fully organized
See also:arm, in the West the tribal militia
See also:system gradually
See also:developed into feudalism . The
See also:noble and the knight indeed spent the greater
See also:part of their lives in the
See also:field and devoted themselves from their youth to the cult of arms, but the feudal tenantry, who were bound to give
See also:forty days' war service and no more, and the burghers who, somewhat later in the
See also:history of
See also:civilization, formed the efficient garrisons of the walled towns were true militias . The
See also:Yeomanry indeed almost ruled the battlefield . In the 15th century the introduction of firearms began to weigh down the
See also:balance in favour of the professional soldier .
See also:Artillery was always the arm of the specialist . The development of
See also:infantry, "
See also:fire-power," with the early arquebus and musket, called for the highest skill and steadiness in the individual soldier, and
See also:cavalry too adopted the new weapon in the
See also:form of long and expensive
See also:lock pistols . In the new military organization there was no place for the unprofessional soldier . The role of the unprofessional combatant, generally speaking, was that of an insurgent—harassing small detachments of the enemy, cutting off stragglers, and plundering convoys . Towards the end of the first
See also:civil war in England (1645) the
See also:country-folk banded themselves together to impose a peace on the two warring armies, but their menace was without effect, and they were easily disarmed by
See also:Fairfax and
See also:Cromwell, who did not even trouble to hold them as prisoners .
MILITARY OPERATIONS OF
MILITIA OF TIIE UNITED
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.