See also:ION LBB .
See also:Tea Adulteration.—In the earlier days of the tea
See also:trade, adulteration, especially
See also:prior to importation, was frequent, because the prices obtainable made it remunerative . Now, intentional adulteration is practically non-existent, chiefly because of the fact that in the places of production the price obtainable is so low that any possible adulterant would be too costly to collect . Most countries have a close check upon this at the
See also:time of importation, and the customs authorities in
See also:Great Britain submit to analysis all samples of a doubtful character . Impure teas are not permitted to pass into
See also:consumption, but the quantity condemned after analysis as unfit for
See also:food in the
See also:year 1906 was 41 packages, out of a
See also:total of 317,000,000 lb . Effect on
See also:Health.—The effect of the use of tea upon health has been much discussed . In the days when
See also:green teas were more used than now, the risks to a professional tea-taster were serious, because of the objectionable facing materials so often used . In the
See also:modern days of machine-made black tea, produced under
See also:British supervision, both the tea-taster and the ordinary consumer have to
See also:deal with a product which, if carefully converted into a beverage and used in moderation, should be harmless to all normal human beings . There has been
See also:constant controversy as to whether China tea is better than that of other growths, but the
See also:verdict first of all of Great Britain, and subsequently of all the other large consuming countries, has relegated the produce of the
See also:Empire to a very subordinate position . A limited section of medical opinion has recommended China tea for reasons of health, and undoubtedly the inferior strength it possesses reduces the
See also:risk arising from improper use, but it also reduces the stimulating and comforting effects the ordinary tea-drinker hopes to experience . Next to
See also:water, tea is the beverage most widely in use throughout the
See also:world as regards the number of its votaries as well as the total liquid quantity consumed .
The literature of tea is very copious, but scattered in pamphlet
See also:form to a great extent . In addition to the books quoted in the text, the following may be mentioned:—Bontekoe, Tractat
See also:van het excellenste Kruyd Thee (The
See also:Hague, 1679) ; Sylvestre Dufour, Traites Nouveaux et Curieux du Cafe, du The, et du Chocolat (2nd ed.,
See also:Lyons, 1688;
See also:translation of 1st edition by
See also:London, 1685;
See also:translations also in
See also:Spanish and Latin); J . G .
See also:Houssaye, Monographie du The (
See also:Paris, 1843) ; Robert
See also:Fortune, Three Years' Wanderings in China (London, 1847) ; Id., A
See also:Journey to the Tea Countries of China (London, 1852) ; S .
See also:Ball, Tea Cultivation in China (London, 1848) ; J . J . L . L . Jacobson, Handboek voor de Kultuur en Fabrikatie van Thee (3 vols., 1843) ; S . A . Schwarzkopf, Die narkotischen Genussmiltel—i . Der Thee (
See also:Halle, 1881); Lieut.-Colonel E .
See also:Money, Cultivation and Manufacture of Tea (3rd ed., London, 1878) ; F . T . R . Deas,
See also:Young Tea Planter's
See also:Companion (London, 1886) . See also
See also:parliamentary papers and official publications of
See also:government ; Monographs on
See also:brick tea,
See also:Formosa tea and other
See also:special studies, prepared for the Tea
See also:Cess Committees of India and
See also:Journals of the Royal
See also:Asiatic Society, Journal of the Society of Arts,
See also:Geographical Journal, Tea and
See also:Coffee Trade Journal (New
See also:York), &c . For
See also:practical planting details, see Tea; its Cultivation and Manufacture, by
See also:David Crole (1897), with a full bibliography; also Rutherford's Planter's Handbook . For scientific aspects see Chemistry and Agri-culture of Tea, by M . Kelway Bamber (1893) . (J . McE.) TEA-CADDY, a box,
See also:jar, canister or other receptacle for tea . The word is believed to be derived from catty, the
See also:Chinese pound, equal to about a pound and a third
See also:avoirdupois . The earliest examples that came to
See also:Europe were of Chinese
See also:porcelain, and approximated in shape to the
See also:ginger-jar .
They had lids or stoppers likewise of china, and were most frequentlyblue and
See also:white . The
See also:English kilns at first imitated them, but speedily devised forms and
See also:ornament of their own, and there was hardly a ceramic factory in the
See also:country which did not compete for the supply of the new fashion . But tea-caddies were not for long confined to procelain or
See also:faience . They were presently made in a great variety of materials, and in an equal variety of shapes .
See also:shell, brass, copper and even
See also:silver were employed, but in the end the material most frequently used was wood, and there still survive vast numbers of Georgian box-shaped caddies in
See also:rosewood, satin-wood and other choice timbers, often mounted in brass and delicately inlaid, with knobs of ivory,
See also:ebony or silver . Although many examples were made in
See also:Holland, principally of the earthen-war of
See also:Delft, the finer varieties enamelled, enriched with ciphers, and emblazoned with
See also:heraldry, the tea-caddy was a typically English product . As the use of the jar waned and that of the box increased, the
See also:provision of different receptacles for green and black tea was abandoned, and the wooden caddy,with a lid and a
See also:lock, was made with two and often three divisions, the centre portion being reserved for
See also:sugar .
See also:Chippendale's caddies in
See also:Louis Quinze fashion were delightful, with their claw and ball feet and exquisite finish . On the whole the mahogany or rosewood caddy of the latter
See also:part of the 18th and the early years of the 19th century was, from the
See also:artistic point of view, the most elegant and satisfying . The wood was
See also:rich and well-marked, the inlay
See also:simple and delicate, the form graceful and unobtrusive . Even when it took the shape of a
See also:miniature sarcophagus, imitated from the massive
See also:wine-coolers of the Empire
See also:period, with little claw feet and brass rings, it was a decidedly pleasing
See also:object . The larger varieties were known as tea-chests .
See also:grew cheaper it became less important that it should be kept constantly under the
See also:eye, and the tea-caddy gradually fell into desuetude . It has, however, never gone entirely out of use, though handsome examples are now most commonly regarded as ornaments or preserved in collections .
MILL (O. Eng. mylen, later myln, or miln, adapted f...
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