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WILLIAM MILLER (1795-1861)

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 465 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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WILLIAM MILLER (1795-1861), British soldier, who took a prominent part in the South American Wars of Liberation, entered the British artillery service in 1811, and till 1814 he was continuously on active service with Wellington's army in the Peninsula. In the latter year he accompanied the ill-fated New Orleans expedition. After the general peace he travelled for two years about Europe, and then went to South America. The war which culminated in the expulsion of the Spaniards was just breaking out, and he took command in the Chilean artillery, with which he served during the Chilean part of the war. As a major he commanded the marines on Cochrane's vessel, the " O'Higgins." In 1821 he landed in Peru, to assist General San Martin against the Spanish General Canterac. He was made general of brigade, and became very intimate with Simon Bolivar. He rendered the most conspicuous services at Junin (Aug. 6, 1824), and his regiment, the " Hussars of Junin," covered itself with glory in the decisive victory of Ayacucho (Dec. 9, 1824). From 183o to 1839 he filled various high military and political offices in Peru. In the latter year he was involved in the fall of Santa Cruz, and went into exile. For some years he filled the post of British Consul-General of the Pacific Coast. He died on board H.M.S. " Naiad " at Callao, on the 31st of October 1861. See the Memoirs published by his bro thee John Miller (London,' 827).
End of Article: WILLIAM MILLER (1795-1861)
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