See also:peculiar to
See also:Mahommedan architecture . The
See also:form is derived from that of the Pharos, the
See also:great lighthouse of Alexandria, in the top storey of which the Mahommedan conquerors in the 7th century placed a small praying chamber . The
See also:house form is perpetuated in the minarets which are found attached to all Mahommedan mosques, and probably had considerable influence on the
See also:evolution of the Christian
See also:church tower (see an exhaustive study in Hermann Thiersch, Pharos Antike,
See also:Islam and Occident, 1909) . The
See also:minaret is always square from the
See also:base to the height of the
See also:wall of the mosque to which it is attached, and very often octangular above . The upper portion is divided into two or three stages, the wall of the upper storey being slightly set back behind the one below, so as to admit of a narrow
See also:balcony, from which the
See also:azan, or
See also:call to prayer, is chanted by the muazzin (muezzin, moeddin), In
See also:order to give greater width to the balcony it is corbelled out with stalactitic vaulting . The balconies are surrounded with
See also:stone balustrades, and the upper storeys are richly decorated; the top storey being surmounted with a small bulbous dome . The earliest minaret known is that which was built by the
See also:caliph Walid (A.D . 705) in the mosque of
See also:Damascus, the next in date being the minaret of the mosque of Tulun, at Cairo (A.D . 879), with an
See also:flight of steps like the
See also:observatory towers in
See also:Assyrian architecture . This minaret as also the example of El Hakim (996), is raised on great square towers . The more remarkable of the other Cairene minarets are those of
See also:Imam esh-Shafi (1218), Muristan al Kalaun (128o),
See also:Hassan (1354), Barkuk (A.n . 1382) and Kait Bey (A.D .
1468) . Of the same type are the two minarets added to the mosque of Damascus in the 15th century . In
See also:Persia the minarets are generally circular, with a single balcony at the top, corbelled out and covered over . In India, at
See also:Ghazni, there are no balconies, and the upper
See also:part of the tower tapers upwards; the same is
See also:notice-able at
See also:Delhi, where the minaret of Kutab is divided into six storeys with balconies at each level . In the well-known
See also:tomb of the Taj Mahal the four minarets are all built in
See also:white marble, in three storeys with balconies to each storey, and surmounted by open lanterns . The minarets of Constantinople are very lofty and
See also:drawn, but contrast well with the domes of the mosques, which are of slight
See also:elevation as compared with those at Cairo .
FRANCISCO ESPOZ Y MINA (1781-1836)
MINAS GERAES (i.e. " general mines ")
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.