MINISTRY , the
See also:office of a
See also:minister (q.v.), in all its meanings,
See also:political and religious, or the
See also:body of persons holding such an office and performing its duties; more particularly the body ofpersons who, in theory the servants at the
See also:head of the state,
See also:act as the responsible executive over the whole sphere of
See also:government, as in the
See also:Kingdom . On the continent of
See also:Europe, on the other
See also:hand, the word " ministry " is most usually applied to the responsible head of a particular department together with his subordinates, including the permanent officials or
See also:staff . In England, ever since the introduction of monarchical institutions the
See also:sovereign has always been surrounded by a select body of confidential advisers to assist the
See also:crown in the government of the
See also:country . At no
See also:period could a
See also:king of England act, according to
See also:law, without advice in the public concerns of the kingdom; the institutions of the crown of England and the institution of the privy council are coeval . At the Norman
See also:Conquest the king's council, or as it is now called, the privy council, was composed of certain members of the aristocracy and
See also:officers of state, specially summoned by the crown, with whom the sovereign usually advised in matters of state and government . In the earlier stages of
See also:English constitutional
See also:history the king's councillors, as confidential servants of the monarch, were
See also:present at every
See also:meeting of parliament in
See also:order to advise upon matters judicial in the
See also:House of Lords; but in the reign of
See also:Richard II. the privy council dissolved its judicial connexion with the peers and assumed an
See also:independent jurisdiction of its own . It was in the reign of
See also:Henry VI. that the king's council first assumed the name of privy council, and it was also during the minority of this sovereign that a select council gradually emerged from the larger body of the privy council, which ultimately became the
See also:cabinet . Since the Revolution of 1688, and the development of
See also:parliamentary government, the privy council has dwindled into
See also:comparative insignificance . The, power once swayed by the privy council is now exercised by that unrecognized select
See also:committee of the council known as the cabinet (q.v.) . The practice of consulting a few confidential advisers instead of the whole privy council had been resorted to by English monarchs from a very early period; but the first mention of the
See also:term cabinet council in contradistinction to privy council occurs in the reign of
See also:Charles I., when the
See also:burden of state affairs was entrusted to the committee of state which
See also:Clarendon says was enviously called the cabinet counciL" At first government by cabinet was as unpopular as it was irregular . Until the formation of the first parliamentary ministry by
See also:William III. the ministers of the king occupied no recognized position in the House of
See also:Commons; it was indeed a
See also:moot point whether they were entitled to sit at all in the
See also:lower chamber, and they were seldom of one mind in the administration of matters of importance . Before the Revolution of 1688 there were ministers, but no ministry in the modern sense of the word; colleague schemed against colleague in the council chamber, and it was no uncommon thing to see ministers opposing one another in parliament upon
See also:measures that in modern times would be supported by a united cabinet .
See also:change from government by
See also:prerogative to government by parliament, consequent upon the Revolution of 1688,
See also:developed, and the House of Commons became more and more the centre and force of the state, the
See also:advantage of having ministers in the legislature to explain and defend the measures and policy of the executive government began. to be appreciated . The public authority of the crown being only exercised through the
See also:medium of ministers, it became absolutely necessary that the advisers of the sovereign, who were responsible for every public act of the Crown as well as for the general policy they had been called upon to administer, should have seats in both Houses of Parliament . Still nearly a century had to elapse before political unanimity in the cabinet was recognized as a political
See also:maxim . From the first parliamentary ministry of William III. until the rise of the second Pitt, divisions in the cabinet were constantly occurring, and a
See also:prime minister had more to fear from the intrigues of his own colleagues than from the tactics of the opposition . In 1812 an attempt was made to
See also:form, a ministry consisting of men of opposite political principles, who were invited to accept office, not avowedly as a coalition government, but with an offer to the Whig leaders that their friends should be allowed a majority of one in the cabinet . This offer was declined on the plea that to construct a cabinet on " a
See also:system of counteraction was inconsistent with the
See also:prosecution of any
See also:uniform and beneficial course of policy." From that date it has been an established principle that all cabinets are to be formed on some basis of political union agreed upon by the members when they accept office together . It is now also distinctly understood that the members of a cabinet are jointly and severally responsible for each other's acts, and that any attempt to distinguish between a particular minister and his colleagues in such matters is unconstitutional . During the 19th century the power of ministers was greatly extended, and their duties became more distinctly marked out . As now interpreted, the leading principles of the
See also:British constitution are the
See also:personal irresponsibility of the sovereign, the responsibility of ministers, and the inquisitorial and controlling power of parliament . At the head of affairs is the prime minister (q.v.), whose duties are more general than departmental; and the other members of the administration, whose
See also:work is exemplified by the titles of their offices (the more important of which are treated separately), are the
See also:lord high chancellor, the lord
See also:president of the council, the lord privy seal, the first lord of the
See also:treasury, the five secretaries of state (home,
See also:foreign affairs, colonies, war, India), the chancellor of the
See also:exchequer, the secretary for
See also:land, the chief secretary to the lord-
See also:lieutenant of
See also:Ireland, the postmaster-general, the presidents of the
See also:board of
See also:trade, the
See also:local government board, the board of
See also:agriculture and the board of
See also:education (all of which were originally committees of the privy council), the chancellor of the duchy of
See also:Lancaster and the first lord of the
See also:admiralty . These are the more important members of the administration, and they are generally in the cabinet . The subordinate members of the administration, some of whom are occasionally invited to join the cabinet, while others are never in it, are the parliamentary and
See also:financial secretary to the admiralty, the parliamentary under-secretaries of the home, foreign, war, colonial and India offices, the board of trade, local government and board of education, the junior lords of the treasury (assistant " whips "), the financial secretary and patronage secretary to the treasury (the
See also:senior "
See also:whip "), the first
See also:commissioner of
See also:works, the paymaster-general, and the
See also:attorney-general and
See also:solicitor-general .
There are in addition the lord
See also:advocate and the solicitor-general for Scotland, the lord-lieutenant and lord chancellor of Ireland (who are sometimes members of the cabinet), and the attorney-general and solicitor-general for Ireland . TREASURY [The title was at first lord treasurer, except when the treasury was put in commission . Ultimately
See also:rank was given to one of the commissioners as first lord of the treasury . From the
See also:time of the
See also:earl of
See also:Essex (1679) the name given is that of the first lords, with the exception of the three printed in italics . In modern times the first lord of the treasury has usually, but not invariably, been the head of the government or prime minister . A
See also:list of the Prime Ministers is given in the article PRIME MINISTER . 1603 . Lord Buckhurst, cr . Earl of Dorset 1604 . 16o8 . Earl of
See also:Salisbury . 1612 .
Earl ofNorthampton and others . (Commissioners.) 1614 . Earl of
See also:Suffolk . 1618 . Archbishop
See also:Abbot and others . (Commissioners.) 162o .
See also:Sir H .
See also:Montagu, cr . Vis- count Mandeville 162o . 1621 . Lord Cranfield, cr . Earl of Middlesex 1622 .
1624 . Sir J . Ley, cr . Lord Ley 1625, and Earl ofMarl-
See also:borough 1626 . 1628 . Lord
See also:Weston, cr . Earl of
See also:Portland 1633 . 1635 . Archbishop Laud and others . (Commissioners.) 1636 . W .
See also:Bishop of Lon- don .
1641 . Sir E .Littleton and others . (Commissioners.) 1643 . Lord Cottington . 1649 . Interregnum . 166o . Sir E . Hyde and others . (Commissioners.) 166o . Earl of Southampton .
1667 .Duke of
See also:Albemarle and others . (Commissioners.) 1672 . Lord Clifford . 1673 .
See also:Dunblane, cr . Earl of
See also:Danby 1674 . 1679 . Earl of Essex . 1679 . Lord Hyde, cr . Earl of Rochester 1682 .
1684 . Lord
See also:Godolphin . 1687 . Lord Bellasyse . 1689 . Earl of
See also:Monmouth . 169o . Viscount Lonsdale . 169o . Lord Godolphin . 1697 . C .
Montagu, cr . Earl of
See also:Halifax 1700 . 1699 . Earl of Tankerville . 1700 . Lord Godolphin . 1701 . Earl of Carlisle . 1702 . Lord Godolphin . 1710 . Earl Poulett .
See also:Oxford . Duke of
See also:Shrewsbury . Earl of Halifax . Earl of Carlisle . Sir R . Walpole . Lord Stanhope . Earl of
See also:Sunderland . Sir R . Walpole . Earl of
See also:Wilmington . H .
Pelham . Duke of Newcastle . Duke of Devonshire . Duke of Newcastle . Earl of Bute . G .
See also:Grenville .
See also:Marquess of Rockingham . Duke of Grafton . Lord
See also:North . Marquess of Rockingham . Earl of Shelburne .
Duke of Portland . W . Pitt . H . Addington . W . Pitt . Lord Grenville . Duke of Portland . S .
See also:Perceval . Earl of Liverpool .
G .Canning . Viscount Goderich . Duke of Wellington . Earl
See also:Grey . Viscount Melbourne . Sir R . Peel . 1603 . Sir T .
See also:Egerton, L.K., cr . Lord
See also:Ellesmere 1603, and Viscount Brackley 1616 .
1617 . Sir F .
See also:Bacon, L.K., cr . Lord Verulam 1618, and Viscount St Albans 162I . 1621 . J .
See also:Williams, Bishop of Lincoln, L.K . 1625 . Sir T .
See also:Coventry, L.K., cr . Lord Coventry 1628 . 164o .
Sir J .Finch, L.K., cr . Lord Finch 164o . 1641 . Sir E . Littleton, L.K., cr . Lord Lyttelton 1641 . 1645 . Sir R . Lane, L.K . 1649 . Interregnum .
166o . Sir E . Hyde, C., cr . Lord Hyde 1660, and Earl of Clarendon 1661 . 1667 . Sir O . Bridgeman, L.K . 1672 . Earl of
See also:Shaftesbury, C . 1673 . Sir H . Finch, L.K., cr .
Lord Finch 1674, C . 1675, cr . Earl ofNottingham 1681 . 1682 . Sir F . North, L.K., cr . Lord Guilford 1683 . 1685 . Lord Jeffreys, C . 169o . Sir J .
See also:Maynard and others .
(Commissioners.) 169o . Sir J . Trevor and others . (Commissioners.) 1693 . Sir J .Somers, L.K., C., cr . Lord Somers 1697 . 1700 . Sir N .
See also:Wright, L.K . 1705 . W .
Cowper, L.K., cr . Lord Cowper 1706, C . 1707 . 1710 . Sir T . Trevor and others . (Commissioners) . 171o . Sir S .
See also:Harcourt, L.K., cr . Lord Harcourt 1711, C . 1714 .
Lord Cowper, C . 1718 . Sir R .Tracy and others . (Commissioners.) 1718 . Lord
See also:Parker, C., cr . Earl of Macclesfield 1721 . 1725 . Sir J . Jekyll and others . (Commissioners.) Lord King, C . Lord Talbot of Hensol, C .
See also:Hardwicke, C., cr . Earl of Hardwicke 1754 . 543 1835 . Viscount Melbourne . 1841 . Sir R . Peel . 1846 . Lord J .
See also:Russell, cr . Earl Russell 1861 . 1852 .
Earl ofDerby . 1852 . Earl of
See also:Aberdeen . 1855 . Viscount Palmerston . 1858 . Earl of Derby . 1859 . Viscount Palmerston . 1865 . Earl Russell . 1866 .
Earl of Derby . 1868 . B . Disraeli . 1868 . W . E .Gladstone . 1874 . B . Disraeli, cr . Earl of Beaconsfield 1876 .
1880 . W . E . Gladstone . 1885 . SirStafford
See also:Northcote, cr . Earl of Iddesleigh 1885 (prime minister,Marquess of Salisbury) . 1886 . W . E . Gladstone . 1886 .
Marquess of Salisbury . 1887 . W . H .
See also:Smith (prime minis- ter, Lord Salisbury) . 1891 . A . J .
See also:Balfour (prime minis- ter, Lord Salisbury) . 1892 . W . E .
Gladstone . 1894 . Earl ofRosebery . 1895 . A J . Balfour (prime minis-ter, Lord Salisbury till 1902) . 1905 . Sir H .
See also:Campbell-Bannerman . 1908 . H . H .
See also:Asquith . (C.) OR LORD KEEPERS (L.K.) 1756 . Sir J . Willes and others . (Commissioners.) 1757 . Sir R . Henley, L.K., cr . Lord Henley and C . 176o, Earl of
See also:Northington 1764 . 1766 . Lord
See also:Camden, C . 1770 .
CharlesYorke, C . 1770 . Sir S . S . Smythe and others . (Commissioners.) 1771 . Lord Apsley, C., succeeded as Earl Bathurst 1775 . 1778 . Lord Thurlow, C . 1783 . Lord
See also:Loughborough and others . (Commissioners.) 1783 .
Lord Thurlow, C . 1792 . Sir J .Eyre and others . (Commissioners.) 1793 . Lord Loughborough, C., cr . Earl of Rosslyn 1801 . 18o1 . Lord
See also:Eldon, C . 18o6 . Lord
See also:Erskine, C . 1807 .
Lord Eldon, C . 1827 . LordLyndhurst, C . 183o . Lord Brougham, C . 1834 . Lord Lyndhurst, C . 1835 . Sir C . C .
See also:Pepys and others . (Commissioners.) 1836 .
See also:Cottenham, C . 1841 . Lord Lyndhurst, C . 1846 . Lord Cottenham, C . 185o . Lord Langdale and others . (Commissioners.) 185o . Lord Truro, C . 1852 . Lord St Leonards, C . 1852 .
LordCranworth, C . 1858 . Lord Chelmsford, C . 18J9 . Lord Campbell, C . 18161 . Lord Westbury, C . 1865 . Lord Cranworth, C . 1866 . Lord Chelmsford, C . 1868 .
LordCairns, C . 1868 . Lord Hatherley, C . 1872 . Lord
See also:Selborne, C . 1874 . Lord Cairns, C., cr . Earl Cairns 1878 . 1880 . Lord Selborne, C., cr . Earl of Selborne 1882 . 1885 .
LordHalsbury, C . 1886 . Lord Herschell, C . 1886 . Lord Halsbury, C . 1892 . Lord Herschell, C . 1895 . Lord Halsbury, C., cr . Earl of Halsbury 1898 . 1905 . Lord Loreburn, C .
1711 . 1714 . 1714 . 1715 . 1715 . 1717 . 1718 . 1721 . 1742 . 1743 . 1754 . 1756 .
1757 . 1762 . 1763 . 1765 . 1766 . 1770 . 1782 . 1782 . 1783 . 1783 . 18o, . 1804 .
18o6 . 1807 . 1807 . 1812 . 1827 . 1827 . 1828 . 183o . 1834 . 1834 . 1725 . 1733 .
1737 . [The substitution of two secretaries for one was the consequence of the increase of ;business . There was no distinction of departments, each secretary taking whatever work the king saw
See also:fit to entrust him with During the reigns of the first two Stuarts, however, there was a tendency to entrust one secretary with the
See also:correspondence with
See also:Protestant states and their
See also:allies, and the other with the correspondence with Catholic states . Probably in the reign of Charles II., and certainly as early as 1691, two departments, the
See also:Northern and the
See also:Southern, were instituted . In 1782 the departments were changed to Home and Foreign . A third secretary of state was appointed in 1794, and he was called the Secretary for War and the Colonies from 18o1 to 18J4, when the work was divided, and the War and Colonial Secretaryships were instituted . The Secretary of State for 1717 . Earl of Sunderland . J .
See also:Addison . 1718 . Earl Stanhope .
See also:Craggs . 1721 . Viscount
See also:Townshend . Lord
See also:Carteret . 1724 . Duke of Newcastle . 1730 . Lord Harrington . 1742 . Lord Carteret, became Sir T . Lake .
EarlGranville 1744 . 1744 . Earl of Harrington . Sir G . Calvert . 1746 . Earl Granville . 1746 . Earl of Harrington . 1746 . Earl of Chesterfield . Sir A .
See also:Morton . 1748 . Duke of
See also:Bedford . Sir J .
See also:Coke . 1751 . Earl of Holderness . 1754 . Sir T .
See also:Robinson, Cr . Baron Grantham 1761 Sir H .
See also:Vane .
1755 . H .
See also:Fox . 1756 . W . Pitt . Viscount Falkland . 1761 . Earl of Bute . Lord Digby . 1761 . . .
Earl ofEgremont . 1762 . G . Grenville . Sir W . Morrice . 1763 . Earl of Halifax . Earl of
See also:Sandwich . 1765 . Duke of Grafton . H .
See also:Conway . 1766 . Duke of
See also:Richmond . Sir J . Trevor . 1766 . Earl of Shelburne . Henry Coventry 1768 . Viscount
See also:Weymouth . 1768 . Earl of Hillsborough, Colo- nies .
Sir L .Jenkins . 1768 . Earl of Rochford . 1770 . Earl of Sandwich . 1771 . Earl of Halifax . S . Godolphin . 1771 . Earl of Suffolk .
See also:Middleton . 1772 . Earl of Dartmouth, Colonies . Viscount Preston . 1175 . Viscount Weymouth, Cr . Earl of Nottingham . Marquess of Bath 1789 . 1776 . Lord G . S . Germaine, Colo- nies .
Earl of Shrewsbury . 1779 . Viscount Stormont . 1779 . Earl of Hillsborough, Cr . Marquess ofDownshire 1789 Earl of Jersey . 1782 . W .
See also:Ellis, Cr . Baron Mendip, Earl of Manchester . 1794, Colonies . Earl of Nottingham .
R . Harley, cr . Earl of Oxford 1711 Home Department . Foreign Department . 1782 . Earl of Shelburne . C . J . Fox . [1783 H .Boyle, cr . Baron
See also:Carleton 1782 .
Lord Grantham . T . Townshend, Cr . Baron
See also:Sydney 1714- 1783 . Lord North . . C . J . Fox . H . St .
See also:John, Cr . Viscount Boling- 1783 .
See also:Carmarthen . Earl
See also:Temple . broke 1712 . 1783 . . . Lord Sydney . 1789 . W . W . Grenville, Cr . Baron Viscount Townshend . Grenville 1790 .
1791 . H . Dundas . . Lord Grenville . 1794 . Home Department . I Foreign Department . War and Colonial Department . Duke of Portland . Lord Grenville H.Dundas, Cr . Visct.Melville18o2 . 1801 .
Lord Pelham, aft . Earl of
See also:Chichester Lord Hawkesbury Lord Hobart, aft . Earl of 1803 . C . P . Yorke Buckinghamshire . 1804 . Lord Hawkesbury Lord Harrowby . Earl Camden . 1805 . Lord
See also:Mulgrave Viscount Castlereagh . 18o6 .
See also:Spencer C . J Fox . W .
See also:Windham . 1807 . Lord Pawkesbury, aft . Earl of Liverpool G . Canning . Viscount Castlereagh . 1809 . R .
See also:Ryder .
Earl Bathurst 1809 . MarquessWellesley 1812 . Viscount Sidmouth (H . Addington) Viscount Castlereagh, aft . Marquess of Earl Bathurst . 1822 . R . Peel G . Canning [
See also:Londonderry 1827 . W . S .
See also:Bourne .
See also:Dudley Viscount Goderich . 1827 . Marquess of Lansdowne . . W .
See also:Huskisson . 1828 . R . Peel Earl of Aberdeen . Sir G .
See also:Murray . [Ripon . 183o .
Viscount Melbourne . . Viscount Palmerston . Viscount Goderich, aft . Earl of 1833 . . . E . G . S .
See also:Stanley,aft.Lord Stanley 1834 . Viscount Duncannon,aft.Earl of
See also:Bessborough and Earl of Derby . T .
See also:Rice, aft .
Lord Mont- 1834 . H .Goulburn Duke of Wellington Earl of Aberdeen . [eagle . 1835 . Lord J . Russell . Viscount Palmerston . Lord Glenelg . 1839 . Marquess of Normanby . 1839 .
Marquess of Normanby Lord J . Russell . 1841 . Sir J .
See also:Bart . Earl of Aberdeen Lord Stanley . 1845 . W . E . Gladstone . 1846 . Sir G .
Grey Viscount Palmerston . Earl Grey . [Hampton . 1852 . Spencer H . Walpole . . . Earl of
See also:Malmesbury . Sir J . S .
See also:Pakington, aft . Lord 1852 .
Viscount Palmerston . Lord J . Russell . . Duke of Newcastle . India was appointed in 1858.] 1603 . Sir R .
See also:Cecil, cr . Lord Cecil 1603, Viscount Cranborne 1604, Earl of Salisbury 1605 `1612 . Vacant . 1614 . Sir R . Winwood .
1615 . . 1618 . Sir R .
See also:Naunton . 1619 . . 1623 . Sir E . Conway, Cr . Lcrd Conway 1625 . 1625 . 1625 . 1628 .
ViscountDorchester . 1632 . Sir F .
See also:Windebank . 164o . 1641 . Sir E .
See also:Nicholas . 1642 . 1643 . 1643 . Interregnum .
166o . Sir E . Nicholas . . 1662 . Sir H . Bennet, Cr . Earl ofArlington 1665 . 1668 . . 1672 . . 1674 . Sir J .
See also:Williamson .
1678 . Earl of Sunderland . 1680 . . 1681 . Lord Conway . 1683 . Earl of Sunderland . 1684 . . 1684 . 1688 . 1689 . Earl of Shrewsbury .
169o . Viscount
See also:Sidney . 1692 . Sir J .
See also:Trenchard . 1694 . 1695 . Sir W .
See also:Trumbull . 1697 . J . Vernon .
1700 . Sir C . Hedges . 1701 . 1702 . 1704 . 1706 . Earl of Sunderland . 1708 . 1710 . Lord Dartmouth, Cr . Earl of Dartmouth 1711 .
W .Bromley . J . Stanhope, Cr . Earl Stan-hope 1718 1713 . 1714 . . . 1855 . Home Department . Foreign Department . Colonial Department . War Department .
1855 . Sir G . Grey Earl of Clarendon Sidney
See also:Herbert . Lord Panmure . Earl of Malmesbury . Lord J . Russell . [Taunton Jonathan Peel . H . Labouchere, aft . Lord Lord Stanley 1855 . S .
H . Walpole 1858 . 1858 . Home Department . Foreign Department . Colonial Department . War Department . India Department . 1859 . S . H . Walpole Earl of Malmesbury .
Sir E . G . E . L . Bulwer Jonathan Peel Lord Stanley . 1859 . T . H . S . Sotheron- Lord J . Russell, Cr . Earl S .
Herbert, Cr . Lord Sir C.
See also:Wood,cr . Viscount 1861 .
See also:Estcourt . Russell 1861 Herbert of
See also:Lea 1861 Halifax 1866 . 1863 . Sir G . Cornewall . Sir G . C .
See also:Lewis . Viscount Cranborne .
1864 . Lewis Earl of Clarendon . Earl de Grey and Ripon, Sir S . H . Northcote, Cr . 1865 . Sir G . Grey Lord Stanley, aft . Earl aft . Marquess of Ripon Earl of Iddesleigh 1885 1866 . . of Derby Jonathan Peel Duke of
See also:Argyll . 1867 .
S . H . Walpole . Earl of Clarendon Sir J . S . Pakington, aft . Marquess of Salisbury . 1868 . H . A .
See also:Bruce, Cr, Earl Granville Baron Hampton G .
See also:Hardy, Cr .
Viscount 1870 . BaronAberdare Earl of Derby E . Cardwell, Cr . Vis- Cranbrook 1878 . 1874 . .1873 Marquess of Salisbury count Cardwell 1874 Marquess of Hartington . 1878 . Sir R . A .
See also:Cross Earl Granville G . Hardy Earl of Kimberley . 1880 .
Sir W . Vernon Har- Marquess of Salisbury . F . A . Stanley Lord R .
See also:Churchill . 1882.
See also:court Earl of Rosebery . H . C . E . Childers Earl of Kimberley . 1885 .
Sir R . A . Cross, cr . Earl of Iddesleigh Marquess of Hartington, Viscount Cross . 1886 . Viscount Cross Marquess of Salisbury . aft, D. of Devonshire Earl of Kimberley . 1886 . 1886 Earl of Rosebery . W . H . Smith .
H . H .
See also:Fowler, Cr . Vis- 1886 . H . C . E . Childers . Earl of Kimberley Viscount Cranbrook. count Wolverhamp- 1887 . H .
See also:Matthews, cr . Marquess of Salisbury .
H . Campbell-Bannerman ton 1908 . 1892 . Viscount
See also:Llandaff Marquess of Lansdowne W . H . Smith . Lord G .
See also:Hamilton . 1894 . .1895 Sir E . Grey . E .
Stanhope . Hon . W . St J . Brodrick . 1895 . H . H . Asquith H . Campbell-Bannerman J .
See also:Morley, aft . Viscount 1900 .
Sir M .
See also:Ridley, Marquess of Lansdowne Morley of
See also:Blackburn . 1902 . Cr . Viscount Rid- Hon . W . St J . Brodrick, 1903. ley 1900 aft . Viscount Midleton 1905 . C . T . Ritchie, cr .
H . O .
See also:Forster 1908 . Baron Ritchie of R . B .
See also:Haldane 1910 . Dundee 1905 A . Akers-
See also:Douglas . . H . J . Gladstone, cr . Viscount Glad-
See also:stone 1910 Winston S .
See also:Lytton, cr . Baron Lytton 1866 Duke of Newcastle . E . Cardwell Earl of Carnarvon Duke of
See also:Buckingham . Earl Granville Earl of Kimberley . Earl of Carnarvon Sir M . Hicks
See also:Beach, cr . Viscount St Aldwyn 1906 Earl of Kimberley Earl of Derby Sir F . A . Stanley, cr . Baron Stanley of Preston 1886, aft .
Earl of Derby Earl Granville E . Stanhope Sir H . T .
See also:Holland,cr.Vis- count
See also:Knutsford 1895 . Marquess of Ripon J .
See also:Chamberlain . Hon . A . Lyttelton Earl of
See also:Elgin Earl of Crewe .
MINISTER (Lat. minister, servant)
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