See also:size of the
See also:group of
See also:Spanish islands in the Mediterranean
See also:Sea, known as the Balearic Islands (q.v.), 27 M . E.N.E. of
See also:Majorca . Pop . (1900), 371,512;
See also:area, 26o sq. m . The
See also:coast is deeply indented, especially on the
See also:north, with numerous creeks and bays—that of
See also:Port Mahon (17,144) being one of the finest in the Mediterranean, if not the best of them all, according to the popular
See also:rhyme " Junio, Julio, Agosto y puerto Mahon Los mejores puertos del Mediterraneo son " "
See also:August and Port Mahon are the best harbours of the Mediterranean " (see PORT MAIION) . The ports Addaya, Fornelle, Ciudadela and Nitja may also be mentioned . The
See also:surface of the
See also:island is uneven,
See also:flat in the south and rising irregularly towards the centre, where the
See also:mountain El Toro—probably so called from the Arabic tor, a height, though the natives have a
See also:legend of a
See also:Coro or bull—has an altitude of 1207 ft . The
See also:climate is not so equable as that of Majorca, and the island is exposed in autumn and winter to the violence of the north winds . Its
See also:soil is of very unequal quality; that of the higher districts being
See also:fine, and fertile, and producing
See also:regular harvests without much labour, while that of the plains is chalky, scanty, and unfit for pasture or the plough . Some of the valleys have a
See also:good alluvial soil; and where the hills have been terraced they are cultivated to the
See also:summit . The wheat and
See also:barley raised in the island are sometimes sufficient for home
See also:consumption; there is rarely a surplus . The Hedysarum coronarium, or zulla, as it is called by the Spaniards, is largely cultivated for
See also:fodder .
See also:Wine, oil, potatoes,
See also:hemp and
See also:flax are produced in moderate quantities; fruit of all kinds, including melons, pomegranates,
See also:figs and almonds, is abundant . The
See also:caper plant is
See also:common throughout the island, growing on ruined walls . Horned
See also:sheep and goats are reared, and small
See also:game abound .
See also:Stone of various kinds is plentiful . In the
See also:district of Mercadal and in
See also:Santa Agueda are found fine
See also:marbles and porphyries; lime and
See also:slate are also abundant . Lead, copper and iron might be worked were it not for the scarcity of fuel . There are manufactures of the wool, hemp and flax of the island; and formerly there was a good
See also:deal of
See also:building; but
See also:agriculture is the chief
See also:industry . An excellent road, constructed in 1713-1715 by Brigadier-General
See also:Richard Kane, to whose memory a
See also:monument was erected at the first milestone, runs through the island from south-east to north-west, and connects Port Mahon with Ciudadela . Ciudadela (8611), which was the capital of the "island till Port Mahon was raised to that position by the
See also:English, still possesses considerable remains of its former importance .
ROBERT CRANNELL MINOR (1839-1904)
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