See also:Fayum to the Nile level, now shrunken and sunk more than 200 ft. to the shallow Birket el Kerun . In remote prehistoric times the Fayum depression was probably dry, but with the gradual rise of the
See also:bed the high Nile reached a level at which it could enter through the natural or artificial channel now known as the
See also:Bahr Yusuf . The
See also:borders of the lake were occupied by a neolithic
See also:people, and the
See also:town of Crocodilopolis
See also:grew up very early on the eastern slope south of the channel, where the higher ground formed a
See also:ridge in the lake . The rise continuing (at the
See also:rate of about 4 in. to the century) the
See also:waters threatened to
See also:flood the town; consequently under the Xllth
See also:great embankments were made to save the settled
See also:land from encroachment . The
See also:line of the
See also:embankment is still trace-able in places and marked by monuments of the Xllth Dynasty
See also:kings, an obelisk of Senwosri I. at Ebgig, and colossi of Amenemhe III. at Biahmu . The latter ornamented the quayof the
See also:port of Crocodilopolis, and projected into the lake on high bases . As the Nile fell the broad expanse of the lake lowered, and the
See also:water pouring back through the channel was of value for summer irrigation; the inflow and outflow were regulated by sluices, and the capture of
See also:fish here and in the lake was enormous . The channel which was of such importance was called the " Great Channel," Mewer, in Greek Moeris . The native name of the lake was Shei, " the lake," later Pi6m, " the
See also:sea " (whence Fayum); Teshei, " the land of the lake," was the early name of the region . At its capital Crocodilopolis and elsewhere the
See also:god Sobk (Suchus) was worshipped . Senwosri II. of the Xllth Dynasty built his
See also:pyramid at Illahun at the
See also:outer end of the channel, Amenemhe III. built his near the inner end at Hawara, and the vast labyrinth attached to it was probably his funerary
See also:temple . This
See also:king was afterwards worshipped in more than one locality about the lake under the name Marres (his praenomen Nemare) or Peremarres, i.e .
See also:Pharaoh Marres . The mud poured in at high Nile made
See also:rich deposits on the eastern slope; in the reign of Philadelphus large reclamations of land were made, veterans from the Syrian War were settled in the " Lake " (Aiµvij), and the latter quickly became a populous and very fertile province .
See also:Strabo's account of the Lake of Moeris must be copied from earlier writers, for in his
See also:day the outflow had been stopped probably for two centuries, and the old bed of the lake was dotted with flourishing villages to a great
See also:depth below the level of the Nile . Large numbers of papyri of the Ptolemaic and
See also:Roman periods have been found in and about the Fayum, which continued to flourish through the first two centuries of the Roman
See also:rule . See W . M . F . Petrie, Hawara Biahmu and
See also:Arsinoe (
See also:London, 1889) ; R . H .
See also:Brown, The Fayiiim and Lake Moeris (London, 1892); B . P . Grenfell, A .
See also:Hunt and D . G .
See also:Hogarth, Fayum Towns and their Papyri (London, 1900) ; H . J . C . Beadnell, The Topography and Geology of the Fayum Province of
See also:Egypt (Cairo, 1905) . (F . L1, .
MOESIA (Gr. Muck and Mveia i)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.