See also:born on the loth of
See also:November 1710, at Riesenhof in
See also:Mecklenburg . Though of German origin, many of the Moltkes were at this
See also:time in the Danish service, which was considered a more important and promising opening for the
See also:north German noblemen than the service of any of the native principalities; and through one of his uncles, young
See also:Moltke became a page at the Danish
See also:court, in which capacity he formed a
See also:life-long friendship with the
See also:Frederick, afterwards Frederick V . He never had any opportunity of enriching his mind by travel or study, but he was remarkable for a strongly religious temperament and seems for some time to have been connected with the Moravians . Immediately after his accession, Frederick V. made him hofmarskal (court marshal), and overwhelmed him with marks of favour, making him a privy councillor and a count and bestowing upon him Bregentved and other estates . As the inseparable
See also:companion of the
See also:king, Moltke's influence soon became so boundless that the
See also:foreign diplomatists declared he could make and unmake ministers at will . Fortunately he was no ordinary favourite . Naturally tactful and considerate, he never put difficulties in the way of the responsible ministers . Especially interesting is Moltke's attitude towards the two distinguished statesmen who played the leading parts during the reign of Frederick V., Johan
See also:Sigismund Schulin and the elder
See also:Bernstorff . For Schulin he had a sort of veneration . Bernstorff irritated him by his
See also:grand airs of conscious superiority . But though a Prussian intrigue was set up for the supersession of Bernstorff by Moltke, the latter, convinced that Bernstorff was the right man in the right place, supported him with unswerving
See also:loyalty . Moltke was far less liberal in his views than many of his contemporaries .
He looked askance at all projects for the emancipation of theserfs, but, as one of the largest landowners ofDenmark, he did much service to
See also:agriculture by lightening the burdens of the countrymen and introducing technical and scientific improvements which greatly increased production . His greatest merit, however, was the guardianship he exercised over the king, whose sensual temperament and weak character exposed him to many temptations which might have been very injurious to the state . Frederick had the
See also:good sense to appreciate the honesty of his friend and there was never any serious
See also:breach between them . On the
See also:death of
See also:Queen Louisa the king would even have married one of Moltke's daughters had he not peremptorily declined the dangerous
See also:honour . On the decease of Frederick V., who died in his arms (
See also:Jan . 14, 1766), Moltke's dominion was at an end . The new king, Christian VII., could not endure him, and exclaimed, with reference to his lanky figure: " He's
See also:stork below and
See also:fox above." He was also extremely unpopular, because he was wrongly suspected of enriching himself at the public expense.l In
See also:July 1766 he was dismissed from all his offices and retired to his
See also:estate at Bregentved . Subsequently, through the
See also:interest of Russia, to whom he had always been favourable, he regained his seat in the council (Feb . 8, 1768), but his influence was slight and of brief endurance . He was again dismissed without a pension, on the loth of
See also:December 1770, for refusing to have anything to do with Struensee . He lived in retirement till his death on the 25th of
See also:September 1792 . His
See also:memoirs, written in German and published in 187o, have considerable
See also:historical importance .
See H . H . Langhorn, Historische Nachricht fiberdie dl nischen Moltkes (
See also:Kiel, 1871) . (R . N .
COUNT ADAM WILHELM MOLTKE (1785-1864)
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