Online Encyclopedia

MONAGHAN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 686 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MONAGHAN, a market town and the county town of county Monaghan, Ireland, on the Ulster Canal and the Belfast and Clones line of the Great Northern railway, by which it is 52 M. S.W. by W. of Dublin, Pop (1901), 2932. There is a modern Roman Catholic cathedral (1862–1892)'for the diocese of Clogher, a convent of the Sisters of St Louis, and a Protestant church (1836), and the public and county buildings include court-house, gaol, workhouse, asylum, hospital and barracks. Educational establishments include a national model school and the college of St Macartan, preparatory for the Roman Catholic priesthood. The town takes its name (Muinechan, the town of monks) from an early monastery. It was incorporated by James I., but was little more than a hamlet until the close of the 18th century. Rossmore Park, the fine demesne of Lord Rossmore, is the most noteworthy of several neighbouring residences. The town is governed by an urban district council.
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