See also:battle in the
See also:American War of Independence . The prospect of an
See also:alliance between France and
See also:America in 1778 induced the
See also:British to concentrate their forces .
See also:Henry Clintoh, who had succeeded Sir W .
See also:Howe in command, determined to abandon
See also:Philadelphia, captured in the previous
See also:year, and move his troops
See also:direct to New
See also:York through New Jersey .
See also:Washington, who had spent the winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, and had materially recruited his army, immediately marched to intercept the British, and overtook them near
See also:House (now
See also:Freehold), New Jersey, on the 28th of
See also:June 1778 . A strong detachment of Americans under General
See also:Lee was sent forward to harass the enemy's
See also:rear and if possible cut off a portion of their long baggage
See also:train .
See also:Clinton strengthened his rearguard, which turned upon the Americans and compelled them to retreat . When Washington, who was well up with his
See also:body, heard of Lee's retreat, he spurred forward and exerted himself in forming a strong
See also:line of battle in case the British continued their determined attack . Warm words passed between Washington and Lee, which subsequently led to the latter's court-
See also:martial and suspension for a year . The readjusted American line was composed of the divisions of
See also:Alexander and Patterson, while
See also:brigade, which had been in Lee's advance from the first, was posted in a favourable position . The British attacked this line and a warm, though brief, engagement ensued . Both sides encamped at
See also:night on the ground occupied .
The British, having accomplished their
See also:object in delaying Washington's pursuit, continued their
See also:march the next
See also:day towards New York . Washington turned to the
See also:left, crossed the Hudson above, and encamped for the
See also:remainder of the
See also:season at
See also:White Plains, New York, within striking distance of the city . Each side suffered about the same loss in the battle, that of the British being 400 (6o due to sunstroke), the American somewhat less . In this engagement Lieut.-Colonel Henry Monckton (1740—1778) of the British Grenadiers was killed in leading a
See also:charge .
MONMOUTH (Welsh Mynwy)
JAMES SCOTT MONMOUTH
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