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JUAN PEREZ DE MONTALBAN (1602–1638)

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 751 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JUAN PEREZ DE MONTALBAN (1602–1638), Spanish dramatist, poet and novelist, was born at Madrid in 1602. At the age of eighteen he became a licentiate in theology, was ordained priest in 1625 and appointed notary to the Inquisition. In 1619 he began writing for the stage under the guidance of Lope de Vega, who is said to have assisted him in composing El Orfeo en lengua castellana (1624), a poem obviously intended to compete with Jauregui's Orfeo, published earlier in the same year. The prose tales in Sucesos y prodigies de amor (1624) and Para todos (1632) were very popular. Montalban's father, a publisher at Madrid, issued a pirated edition of Quevedo's Busc6n, which roused an angry controversy. The violence of these polemics, the strain of overwork, and the death of Lope de Vega so affected Montalban that he became insane; he died at Madrid on the 25th of June 1638. His last work was a eulogistic biography of Lope de Vega in the Fama pOstuma (1636). His plays, published in 1635–1638, are all in the manner of that great dramatist, and were represented with much success, but, with the exception of Los Amantes de Teruel, are little more than clever improvizations. A libellous attack on Quevedo, entitled El Tribunal de la justa venganza (1635), is often ascribed to him.
End of Article: JUAN PEREZ DE MONTALBAN (1602–1638)
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