Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 752 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MONTALIVET, MARTHE-CAMILLE BACHASSON, COMTE DE (1801-1880), French statesman, was born at Valence on the 25th of April 18oi, the second son of Jean Pierre Bachasson, comte de Montalivet (1766-1823), who had been made a peer of France in 1819. Both his father and his elder brother Simon Pierre Joseph (1799-1823) had been engineer officers, and he was educated at the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussees. Under Louis Philippe he occupied the ministry of the interior from, with short intervals, 1830 to 1840. After 1840 he was intendant of the civil list, occupying himself with the museums of Versailles and the Louvre, and the restoration of the palaces of Fontainebleau and Saint-Cloud. In 1847 he tried to induce Louis Philippe to adopt electoral reform, and after the catastrophe of the next year undertook the defence of the July monarchy in two works, Le Roi Louis Philippe et la liste civile (1851) and Rien! Dix annees de gouvernement parlemen- taire (1862). He had become a member of the Academy of Fine Arts in 1840 and in 1843 grand cross of the Legion of Honour. The attitude of the comte de Chambord after 1870 led him to accept the republic, and he entered the Senate a year before his death, on the 4th of January 1880.
End of Article: MONTALIVET

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