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MONTBELIARD MONTCALM DE SAINT

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 761 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MONTBELIARD MONTCALM DE SAINT VERAN 761 Malleville, Georges de Scudery, Pierre Corneille (if M. Uzanne is correct in the attribution of the poems signed M.C.), Philippe Hubert, Simon Arnauld de Pomponne,' Jean Desmarests de Saint Sorlin, Antoine Gombaud (te nain de la Princesse Julie) and others. It was copied by the famous calligraphist N. Jarry in a magnificent MS., on each page of which was painted a flower, and was presented to Julie on her fete day in 1641. The MS. is now in possession of the Uzes family, to whom it passed by the marriage of Julie's daughter to Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzes. Montausier had bought the governorship of Saintonge and Angoumois, and became a Roman Catholic before his marriage. During the Fronde he remained, in spite of personal grievances against Mazarin, faithful to the Crown. On the conclusion of peace in 1653 the marquis, who had been severely wounded in 1652, obtained high favour at court in spite of the roughness of his manners and the general austerity which made the Parisian public recognize him as the original of Alceste in the Misanthrope. Montausier received from Louis XIV. the order of the Saint Esprit, the government of Normandy, a dukedom, and in 1668 the office of governor of the dauphin, Louis. He initiated the series of classics Ad usum Delphini, directed by the learned Huet, and gave the closest attention to the education of his charge, who was only moved by his iron discipline to a hatred of learning. Court gossip assigned some part of Montausier's favour to the complaisance of his wife, who, appointed lady-in-waiting to the queen in 1664, favoured Louis XIV.'s passion for Louise de la Valliere, and subsequently protected Mme de Montespan, who found a refuge from her husband with her. He died on the 17th of November 169o. See Pere Nicolas Petit, Vie du duc de Montausier (1729); Puget de Saint Pierre, Histoire du duc de Montausier (1784); Amedee Roux, Un Misanthrope a la tour de Louis XIV. Montausier (186o) ; O. Uzanne, La Guirlande de Julie (1875); E. Flechier, Oraisons funebres du duc et de la duchesse de Montausier (Paris, 1691); and contemporary memoirs.
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