French dramatist and economist, son of an apothecary atEnd of Article: ANTOINE DE MONTCHRETIEN (1575 or 1576-1621)
See also:Falaise named Mauchrestien, was
See also:born about 1576 . In one of his numerous duels he had the misfortune to kill his opponent . He consequently took
See also:refuge in England, but through the influence of
See also:James I., to whom he dedicated his tragedy, L'Ecossaise, he was allowed to return to France, and established himself at
See also:Loire, where he set up a
See also:steel foundry . In 1621 he abandoned this enterprise to serve on the Huguenot side in the
See also:wars . He raised troops in Maine and
See also:Normandy, but was killed in a skirmish near Tourailles on the 8th of
See also:October 1621 . There is no evidence that he shared the religious opinions of .the party for which he fought, and in any case he belonged to the moderate party rallied
See also:Henry IV . In 1615 he published a valuable Traite de l'economie politique, based chiefly on the
See also:works of
See also:Bodin . He had the
See also:fortune to write before the pruning processes of
See also:Vaugelas and Balzac had been applied to the language, and M . Lanson praises him as one of the best
See also:prose-writers of his
See also:time . His dramas are Sophonisbe (1596), afterwards remodelled as La Cartaginoise; L'Ecossaise,
See also:Les Lacenes,
See also:David, Aman (in i6oi);
See also:Hector (1604) . As plays they have little technical merit, but they contain passages of
See also:great lyrical beauty . In L'Ecossaise
See also:Elizabeth first pardons Mary
See also:Queen of Scots, and no explanation is given of the
See also:change that leads to her execution .
Aman has been compared not too unfavourably with
See also:Esther, and the hatred of Haman for Mordecai is expressed with morevigour than in Racine's
See also:play . All Montchretien's heroes
See also:death without fear . M .
See also:Petit de Julleville finds the characteristic note of his plays in the same cult of heroism which was later to inspire the plays of Corneille . Poet, economist, iron-
See also:master, and soldier, Montchretien represents the many-sided activity of a time before literature had become a profession, and before its province had been restricted in France to polite topics . The tragedies were edited in 1901 by M . Petit de Julleville with
See also:notice and commentary; the Traite de l'economie politique in 1889 by Th . Funck Brentano, whose estimate of Montchretien is severely criticized by W . I .
See also:Ashley in the Eng . Hist . Rev .
(Oct . 1891) . See also Emile
See also:Faguet, La Tragedie au X VI'" siecle, ch. xi . (1883) ; G . Lanson, Revue
See also:des deux mondes (
See also:Sept . 1891) .
MONTCALM DE SAINT
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