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JUSTUS MOSER (172o-1794)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 895 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JUSTUS MOSER (172o-1794), German publicist and states-man, was born at Osnabruck on the 14th of December, 1720. Having studied jurisprudence at the universities of Jena and Gottingen, he settled in his native town as a lawyer. The confidence be inspired among his fellow citizens soon led to his being appointed advocatus patriae (state attorney). On the appointment of the duke of York (son of George III. of England) to the lay Protestant bishopric of Osnabruck, he was attached to the person of the new ruler as legal adviser, and continued in this office of trust for twenty years. From 1762 to 1768 he was justiciarius (chief justice) of the criminal court in Osnabruck; and in 1768 was made Geheimer Referendar (privy councillor of justice). He died at Osnabruck on the 8th of January 1794. Not only as a statesman and administrator, but also as a publicist, Moser occupied a leading position among the men of his time. His history of Osnabruck (1768; 2nd ed. 1780; 3rd ed. 1819) is a masterly work. In his Patriotische Phantasien (1775—1786; 2nd ed. by his daughter, I. W. J. von Voigts, 1804;new ed. by R. Zollner, 1871) he shows himself in advance of his times, pleading as he does for a national organic development of a state in the place of arbitrary laws imposed by the sovereign. His Vermischte Schriften (published by F. Nicolai with a biography, 1797—1798) also display a deep insight into human nature and sparkle with humour and witty sallies. Moser was also a poet of some repute and wrote a tragedy, Arminius (1749). A statue of him by Drake was unveiled in Osnabruck in 1836. His collected works, Siimtliche Werke, were published by B. R. Abeken (10 vols., 1842—1844). See J. Kreyssig, Justus Moser (1857); L. Rupprecht, Justus Mosers soziale and volkswirtschaftliche Anschauungen (1892) K. Mollenhauer, Mosers Anteil an der Wiederbelebung des deutschen Geistes (1896).
End of Article: JUSTUS MOSER (172o-1794)
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MOSES (Gr. Mwvo c, Mcoo-i3s)

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