MOTHER , the
See also:term for the
See also:parent of a
See also:child . The word, like
See also:father, is
See also:common to Indo-
See also:languages, cf. in Teutonic languages, Ger . Mutter, Du. moeder, Swed. and
See also:Dan. moder;
See also:Gothic is the exception in Teutonic languages, the word being aithei, cf.
See also:atta, father; from
See also:Lat. mater come, in Romanic, Fr. mere, Ital., Span. and
See also:Port., madre . Greek has µ'rqp, (
See also:Attic and Ionic), µargp (Doric) . The
See also:Russian word is
See also:mat . The Sansk. mata points to an
See also:original derivation from a
See also:stem ma, to measure, or make . Of the many transferred applications of " mother " may be mentioned those to the
See also:church, to nature, to the
See also:earth, and to a city or nation, as the parent of other cities, nations, colonies, &c . As a title " mother " is particularly applied to the
See also:head of a religious community of
See also:women . For " mother-of-pearl " see PEARL . There is a particular application of " mother " to the scum which rises to the
See also:surface of a liquor during the
See also:process of
See also:fermentation, and also to a mass of gummy stringy consistency formed in
See also:vinegar in the process of acetous fermentation, hence known as " mother of vinegar " (see VINEGAR) . This is usually, however, taken to be another word altogether, and connected with Du. modder, mud, mire .
WILLIAM MOTHERWELL (1797-1835)
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