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LODOWICKE MUGGLETON (1609–1698)

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 956 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LODOWICKE MUGGLETON (1609–1698), English sectarians, was born in Bishopsgate Street, London. His father was a farrier, but he himself was bred to be a tailor. In 1651 he began to have revelations, and to proclaim himself and his cousin John Reeve, whose journeyman he was, as the two witnesses mentioned in Rev. xi. 3. In 1652 they put out their " commission book " under the title The Transcendent Spirituall Treatise. An exposition of their doctrines was published in 1656 under the title of The Divine Looking-Glass. Among other views (besides the doctrine of the divine mission of the authors) this work taught that the distinction of the three persons in the Trinity is merely nominal, that God has a real human body, and that He left Elijah as His vicegerent in heaven when He Himself descended to die on the cross. Muggleton's opinions gained some notable adherents, but also called forth much opposition. In 1653 he was imprisoned for blasphemy, and twice (166o and 167o) his own followers temporarily repudiated him. His attack on the Quakers drew forth William Penn's book, The New Witnesses proved old Heretics (1672). In 1677 Muggleton was tried at the Old Bailey, convicted of blasphemy, and fined 500. Reeve died in 1658, but Muggleton survived till 1698.. His collected works, including the posthumous Acts of the Witnesses, were published in 1756; and in 1832 some sixty Muggletonians subscribed to bring out a new edition of The Works of J. Reeve and L. Muggleton (in 3 vols. 4to). Even as late as 1846 The Divine Looking-Glass was reprinted by members of the then almost extinct sect. See A. Jessopp, The Coming of the Friars (1888).
End of Article: LODOWICKE MUGGLETON (1609–1698)
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