See also:comparative anatomist, was
See also:born at
See also:Coblenz on the 14th of
See also:July 18o, . In 1819 he entered
See also:Bonn University, where he became privatdocent in 1824, extraordinary
See also:professor of physiology in 1826, and ordinary professor in 183o . In 1883 he removed to the university of Berlin, where he filled the
See also:chair of anatomy and physiology with
See also:great distinction until his
See also:death on the 28th of
See also:April 1858 .
See also:Muller made numerous researches in various departments of physiology, and in particular he extended knowledge as to the mechanism of
See also:voice, speech and
See also:hearing, and as to the chemical and
See also:physical properties of
See also:lymph, chyle and
See also:blood . The appearance of his Handbuch der Physiologie
See also:des Menschen between 1833 and 184o (translated into
See also:English by Dr
See also:William Baly, and published in
See also:London in 1842) marked the beginning of a new
See also:period in the study of physiology . In it, for the first
See also:time, the results of human and comparative anatomy, as well as of chemistry and other departments of physical science, were brought to bear on the investigation of physiological problems . The most important portion of the
See also:work was that dealing with
See also:action and the mechanism of the senses . Here he stated the principle, not before recognized, that the kind of sensation following stimulation of a sensory nerve does not depend on the mode of stimulation but upon the nature of the sense-
See also:organ . Thus
See also:light, pressure, or
See also:mechanical stimulation acting on the retina and optic nerve invariably produces luminous impressions . This he termed the
See also:law of the specific energy of sense substances . In the later
See also:part of his
See also:life he chiefly devoted himself to comparative anatomy . Fishes and marine invertebrata were his favourite subjects .
Muller numbered such distinguished physiologists as H. vonHelmholtz, E . Du Bois Reymond and K . F . W . Ludwig among his pupils . In addition to his Handbuch der Physiologie, his publications include Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtssinns (1826); Uber die phantastischen Gesichtserscheinungen (1826); Bildungsgeschichte der Genitalien (183o), in which he traced the development of the Mullerian duct; De glandularum secerneniium structura (183o); Vergleichende Anatomie der Myxinoiden (1834–1843); Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen (1841) with F . G . J . Henle;
See also:System der Asteriden (1842) with F . H . Troschel; and Horae ichthyologicae (1845-1849) with the same . After the death of J .
F . Meckel (1781-1833) he edited the Archivfur Anatomic and Physiologie .
GEORGE MULLER (1805-1898)
JOHANNES VON MULLER (1752-1809)
the major implication of Muller's doctrine of specific nerve energies is that our awareness is not objects but rather our nerves themselves.
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