See also:born on the 3rd of
See also:January 1752 at Neunkirch, near Schaffhausen, where his
See also:father was pastor . In 1760 the
See also:family removed to Schaffhausen . In his youth his maternal
See also:grand-father, Schoop (d . 1757), roused in him an
See also:interest in the
See also:history of his
See also:country . At the age of eight he is said to have written a history of Schaffhausen, and at eleven he knew the names and
See also:dates of all the
See also:kings of the four
See also:great monarchies . His ardour for
See also:historical studies was further stimulated by Schlozer, when
See also:Muller went (1769) to the university of
See also:Gottingen, nominally to study
See also:theology . In
See also:July 1771 he undertook a
See also:sketch of Swiss history (no detailed history of
See also:Switzerland having so far been written) for a publisher of
See also:Halle, but his theological studies and the preparation of a Latin dissertation on the Bellum cimbricum (publ.
See also:ill 1772) prevented much progress . In
See also:April 1772 he passed his theological examination, and soon after became
See also:professor of Greek at the Collegium Humanitatis . Early in 1774, on the advice of his friend
See also:Charles Victor de Bonstetten, he gave up this
See also:post and became tutor in the Tronchin family at
See also:Geneva . But in 1775 he resigned this position also, and passed his
See also:time with various friends in Geneva and
See also:Vaud, engaged in carrying his historical
See also:scheme into effect . Having accumulated much material, he began the actual compositionof his
See also:work in the
See also:spring of 1776, and the printing in the summer of 1777 . But difficulties arose with the censor, and matters came to a standstill .
In 1778-1779 Muller delivered a brilliant set of lectures ongeneral history, which were not published till 1839 under the title of Vierundzwanzig
See also:Bucher allgemeiner Geschichte . In 1780 the first
See also:volume (extending to 1388) of his Geschichten der Schweizer appeared, nominally at Boston (to avoid the censor), though really at
See also:Bern; and it was well received . In 1781 he published at Berlin, in French, his .Essais historiques . He was on his way back to Switzerland when the landgrave of Hesse Cassel named him professor of history . He stayed at Cassel till 1783,
See also:publishing in 1782 his Reisen der Pdpste, a
See also:book wherein certain leanings towards Romanism are visible . On his return to Geneva (1783) he accepted the post of reader to the
See also:brother of his old
See also:patron, Tronchin, and occupied himself with remodelling his published work of 1780 . In
See also:order to improve his
See also:financial position, he accepted early in 1786 the post of librarian to the elector-archbishop of
See also:Mainz, who bestowed many important offices upon him and obtained his
See also:elevation to
See also:nobility from the emperor in 1791 . In
See also:June 1786 he issued vol. i . (reaching to 1412) and two years later vol. ii . (to 1436) of the definitive
See also:form of his Swiss history, which was received with great praise . In 1787 he issued an important
See also:tract, Zur Darstellung
See also:des Fiirstenbundes . But in
See also:October 1792 Mainz was taken by the French, so that Muller had to seek for another post .
See also:February 1793 he entered the service of the emperor as an imperial aulic councillor . At Vienna he spent many years, becoming chief librarian of the imperial library in 1800, and in 1795 he issued vol. iii . (to 1443) of his Swiss history . In 1804 he became historiographer, war councillor, and member of the Academy at Berlin . In 18o5 vol. iv . (to 1475) appeared . But in 18o6 he became strongly inclined towards
See also:Napoleon, by whom he was received in
See also:audience (Nov . ,8o6), and from whom he accepted (end of 1807) the
See also:office of secretary of state for the
See also:kingdom of Westphalia, exchanging this position early in 18o8 for the posts of privy councillor and general director of public instruction . At the end of ,8o8 he published vol. v . (to 1489) of his great work . He died at Cassel on the 29th of May 1809 . His Swiss History now possesses a
See also:literary value only, but it was an excellent work in every way for the 18th century .
See also:works were published under the care of hir brother at
See also:Tubingen, in 27 vols . (1810-1819), and re-issued, in 40 vols., at
See also:Stuttgart (1831-1835) . The Swiss History was re-issued at
See also:Leipzig and Zurich, in 15 vols . (1824–1853), with continuations by Glutz-Blozheim (to 1517), Hottinger (to 1531), Vulliemin (to 1712), and Monnard (to 1815) . A French
See also:translation of the German edition (as above) appeared, in 18 vols., at
See also:Paris and Geneva (1837–1851) . See the
See also:biographies by Heeren (1809), Daring (1835) and Monnard (1839); also in G. v . Wyss's Geschichte der Historiographie in der Schweiz (Zurich, 1895), pp . 305-311, and in the Festschrift der Stadt Schaffhausen (Schaffhausen, 1891), pt. v. pp . 83-99 . F . Schwarz's pamphlet, J. von Muller and
See also:seine Schweizergeschichte (Bale, 1884), traces the
See also:genesis of the History . Mailer's letters to Fiisslin (1i71–1807) were issued at Zurich (1812), and those to Ch .
Bonnet, &c., at Stuttgart (1835) . Those addressed to him by various friends were published by
See also:Constant, in 6 vols . (Schaffhausen, 1839–1840); and those written to him (1789-1809) by his brother, J . G . Muller, appeared, under the editorship of E .
See also:Haug, at
See also:Frauenfeld, in 2 vols . (1891-1892) . (W . A . B ..
JOHANNES PETER MULLER (18o1-1858)
JULIUS MULLER (18oi-1878)
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