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WILHELM MULLER (1794-1827)

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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 963 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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WILHELM MULLER (1794-1827), German lyric poet, was born at Dessau on the 7th of October 1794, the son of a shoe-maker. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the university of Berlin, where he devoted himself to philological and historical studies. In 1813–1814 he took part, as a volunteer, in the national rising against Napoleon. In 1817 he visited Italy, and in 182o published his impressions in Rom, Romer and Romerinnen. In 1818 he was appointed teacher of classics in the Dessau school, and in 182o librarian to the ducal library. He died at Dessau on the 3oth of September 1827. Mailer's earliest lyrics are contained in a volume of poems, Bundesbluten, by several friends, which was published in 1816. His literary reputation was made by the Gedichte aus den hinterlassenen Papieren eines reisenden Waldhornisten (2vols.,1821–1824), and the Lieder der Griechen (1821–1824). The latter collection was Germany's chief tribute of sympathy to the Greeks in their struggle against the Turkish yoke, a theme which inspired many poets of the time. Two volumes of Neugriechische Volkslieder, and Lyrische Reisen and epigrammatische Spaziergdnge, followed in 1825 and 1827. Muller also wrote a book on the Homerische Vorschule (1824; 2nd. ed., 1836), translated Marlowe's Faustus, and edited a Bibliothek der Dichtungen des zq. Jahrhunderts (1822–1827; 10 vols.). His poetic genius was kindred to that of the composer Schubert, who set many of his lyrics to music. Wilhelm Miller's Gedichte were first collected in 1837 (4th ed., 1858) ; edited by his son, F. Max Muller (1868) ; there are also numerous more recent editions, notably one in Reclam's Universalbiblio:hek (1894); critical edition by J. T. Hatfield (1906). Miller's Vermischte Schriften were edited with a biography by G. Schwab (3 vols., 183o). See F. Max Miller's article in the Allgemeine deu.•che Biographic; O. Franck, " Zur Biographie des Dichters W. Muller " (Mitteilungen des Vereins fur anhallische Geschichte, 1887) ; J. T. Hatfield, " W. Mailers unveroffentlichtes Tagebuch and seine ungedruckten Briefe " (Deutsche Rundschau, 1902).
End of Article: WILHELM MULLER (1794-1827)
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