Online Encyclopedia

MUMPS (syn. Cynanche parotidaea, paro...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 968 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MUMPS (syn. Cynanche parotidaea, parotitis; also, " The Branks "), a specific infectious disease characterized by inflammatory swelling of the parotid and other salivary glands, frequently occurring as an epidemic, and affecting mostly young persons. The name "mumps" (0. Eng. "to mump," meaning to sulk) originated, no doubt, in the patient's appearance. The disease generally sets in with symptoms of a cold or catarrh accompanied with slight febrile disturbance; but soon the nature of the ailment is announced by the occurrence of swelling and stiffening in the region of the parotid gland in front of the ear. The swelling speedily increases in size and spreads down-wards towards the neck and under the jaw, involving the r,amerous glands in that locality. The effect is to produce much disfigurement, which becomes still greater shculd the inflammation spread, as often happens, to the glands on the other side of the face and neck. Pain is present in the swollen parts, but it is seldom severe, nor is there much redness or any tendency to suppuration. There is, however, considerable interference with the acts of mastication and swallowing. After continuing for four or five days the swelling and other symptoms abate, and the parts are soon restored to their normal condition. During the period of convalescence there occasionally occur some swelling and tenderness in other glands, such as the testicles in males (orchitis), and the mammae or ovaries (oopheritis) in females, and possibly involvement of the pancreas, but these are of short duration and usually of no serious significance. Mumps is in general a mild disease, and requires little treatment beyond a gentle laxative, the application of warm fomentations to the swollen and painful parts, the use of soft food, and rest.
End of Article: MUMPS (syn. Cynanche parotidaea, parotitis; also, " The Branks ")
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COUNT ADRIEN ALBERT MARIE DE MUN (1841— )

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